7 Principles Spark By: Jordan Bernard

Principle 1: Encourage interaction between you and your students. Student-faculty contact is the most important factor in student motivation and involvement. Interaction helps students through hard times, enhances intellectual commitment, and encourages students to think about their values.

Principle 2: Encourage interaction and collaboration between students. Learning is enhanced when in a team effort. Collaboration leads to good learning, not competitiveness or isolation. Sharing ideas improves thinking and deepens understanding.

Principle 3: Incorporate active learning techniques. Learning is not a spectator sport. Student must talk about what they are learning, write reflections, relate it to past events, and apply it to the present. It will make the learned material part of the students themselves.

Principle 4: Provide Prompt Feedback. Knowing what you do know and what you do not focuses your learning. Students need help assessing their existing knowledge and skills. They need frequent opportunities to perform and receive feedback. They need to reflect on what they know and what they still need to learn. Being prompt is key so the student can improve by the next assignment.

Principle 5: Emphasize Time on Task. Time + energy = learning. Using time well is essential for students and professors. Giving a realistic amount of time allows for effective teaching and efficient learning.

"Time on task helps students to make the knowledge their own and create the linkages and relationships within their own data knowledge structures." (From The Online Teaching Survival Guide by Boettcher and Conrad) This assignment reflects the concept of Time on Task because we, as students, are making the learning material our own. We are taking the 7 principles of online learning and creating and applying our skills to make a creation.

Principle 6: Communicate High Expectations. Expect more and you will get it. The poorly prepared, the unwilling to exert, and the well-motivated, will all benefit from high expectation

Principle 7: Respect Diversity and Individual Talents, Experience, and Learning Styles. Different students bring different talents and styles to college. Successful students in lab/studio may struggle with theory and students who struggle with hands-on may be brilliant with theory. They need the opportunities to show their talents and learn ways that work for them individually.

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