Political, Economic, and Academic Accomplishments of East Asia By:Kylie, Ben, Ayslinn, And John

Mongols

Mongol political, economic, and academic accomplishments:

Political: Over the Mongol dynasty, it won the support of many chinese people. In fact Mongol rulers adapted to the Chinese political system and used Chinese Bureaucrats. Confucian principles were used for the basis of Chinese government. They eventually became a separate class with their own laws. Temujin was elected Genghis Khan (strong ruler)over the Mongols in 1206 and he unified them. His army was not unusually large. It was made of about 130,000 soldiers around 1227.

Economic: The entire Eurasian landmass was brough under a single rule to increase trade especially along the silk road. Mongol tactics like calvary charges and seige warfare were not effective in tropical or hilly regions. Although around 1260 during their attack on the Chinese,the Mongols discovered gunpowder and firelance. Later during the 14th century, the mongols rulers of china introduced the use of gunpowder and firearms.

Academic: The invention of printing made literature more readily available. Landscape painting reached its high point during the Mongol and Song dynasties. The Tang dynasty was known as the great age of poetry in China. Over 48,000 poems were written by approximately 2,200 authors. These poems were often written to encourage high moral ideals.

Japanese

Japanese political,economic, and academic accomplishments

Political: Japanese society was made up of clans. They were divided into a small aristocractic class and a large population of farmers, artisans, and servants. The ruler of each clan was to protect their people in return for a share of the annual harvest. Eventually Yamato Plain, the ruler of the Yamato clan became Japan's ruler.

Economic: japan had limited farmland and alot of rain. Trade was slow to develop in early Japan. Manufacturing developed and markets began to appear in the larger towns of Japan. This caused industries making porcelain and paper to emerge. Japan was becoming wealthy off of trade and mass manufacturing.

Academic: Shōtoku Taishi was an Yamato prince that created a centralized system of government resembling the Chinese government. They created a new class of military servants called samuri that protected security and property and lived by a strict code called Bushido. In early Japan, women were the most productive writers of prose fiction. From this tradition, The tale of Genji, was written and became one of the worlds greatest novels.

Korea

Korean political, economic, and academic accomplishments

Political: the Korean Peninsula is mountainous. Because of it's close proximity with china and japan, no society in East Asia was more greatly influenced by the Chinese model than Korea. Each of the three kingdoms ruling Korea were run by a combination of a hereditary monarch, and powerful aristocratic families.

Economic: Korea was split into three kingdoms. Koguryo in the North, Paekche in the SouthWest, and Silla in the SouthEast. After the king of Silla was murdered, Korea fell into civil war. In the 10th century a new dynasty by the name of Koryo is rose in the North to unify the territory. Chinese political institutions were adopted. They remained unified and in power for 400 years.

Academic: Buddhism became the state religions of all three dynasties. Although, when Silla became even more unified with China, the monarchy changed to Confucian principles.in the 13 century, Mongols took over the Koryo dynasty and left the Korean people in suffering. The peasants and artisans were forced to build ships for attacks. After the collapse of the Mongol dynasty in China, the Koryo dynasty broke down.

India

Indian political,economic, and academic accomplishments

Political: In the early 8th century, Islam became a very big part of Indian civilization. Islam took over when the Gupta empire fell.When Gupta fell there was no central government and India was split into 70 states which immediately starting civil wars. A new phase of Islam started to take place when the Turkish rebelled and started a new state known as ghanza. When the founder of ghanza died, his son Mahmud suceeded him. Timur lenk soon comes who was the ruler of a mongol state. Duringhis reign, he had complete control of the Mediterranean and Caspian Sea. When he died the Portuguese gained his empire whom has great resources like gold and spices.Ghanza rulers set the imposition of the Islamic rule. The muslim people saw themselves as foreign conqueres and made a very strict separation between the Islam people and the Hindu.

Economic: Between 500 and 1500 at most Indians lived on the land and farmed their tiny plots. These people paid taxes to the lord who was also the tax collector for the king.While agriculture wasn't the only wealthy source in India, their location made a great trade center from southwest Asia to east Asia.Although, there was no internal trade during this time period because of all the civil wars.

Academic/religion: In India the widespread religion was Buddhism but, there were two groups of Buddhism who have different outlooks the teachings.Theravada is the group who stresses deep meditation and transforming oneself through moral conduct.The Mahayana is the group that is in the northwestern part of India whom believe that the teachings of Theravada are too strict and that through Buddha you will reach nirvana and the true heaven. Architecture was a strength in India. The ability of construction gave the Indian people a place to worship. Architecture also helped create temples for people to worship and each temple possessed a shrine of their religious teachings.

Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia's political, economic, and academic accomplishments

Vietnam political: in this time there was a single party socialist republic framework, the president of Vietnam is the head of state, and the prime minister of Vietnam is the head of the government in a one party system led by communist the party of vietnam.

Vietnam economic: The value of exports and imports combined is 179 percent of GDP. The tarrfif is at 34%. Barriers to foreign investment remain significant, but they have been liberalized. The state remains heavily involved in the financial sector. The high level of nonperforming loans continues to limit the pace of credit growth.

Vietnam academic: state run syatem of the public and private education was ran by the ministry of education and training. It was divided i to 5 levels. The main education goal in vietnam was to improve peoples general knowledge, training quality, Human Resources, and nuturing and fasteing talent. Vietnam is well known for it's rigorous cirriculum that is deemed as competitive for students.

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