Overview of different governments by: kyle baumgartner

Anarchy

Definition: The absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal.

There are no countries who use anarchy as the main form of government, however there are parts of Afghanistan and Somalia that have anarchy controlled areas.

Communism

Definition: A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.

Many countries use communism as there main form of government, such as China, Cuba, Laos, Vietnam etc.

Democracy

Definition: A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.

Many countries have democratic governments under different constitutional forms. France, Germany, India, Ireland and Italy are constitutional republics, while Japan, Spain, the Netherlands, Canada and the United Kingdom are constitutional monarchies.

Dictatorship

Definition: Absolute authority in any sphere.

Many countries use a dictatorship, such as, Belarus, Cameroon, Chad, China, Cuba Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, etc.

Monarchy

Definition: A form of government with a monarch at the head.

As of 2014, countries with a sovereign monarchy are the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg, Belgium, Brunei, Bahrain, Liechtenstein, Andorra, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Saudi Arabia, Monaco, Oman, Qatar, Bhutan, Swaziland, Thailand, Cambodia, Japan, Malaysia, Tonga, etc.

Oligarchy

Definition: A small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution

Some countries that have oligarchy governments include China, North Korea and Venezuela. The former Soviet Union was also considered to be an oligarchy.

Republic

Definition: A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.

Many countries use republic as there main government, such as, Angola, Bolivia, Burundi, etc.

Socialism

Definition: A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

Some places that use socialism are Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, etc.

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Credits:

Created with images by igb - "Government building." • Jonas B - "Anarchy" • Mark Surman - "Museum of Communism - Prague-13" • Feral78 - "Democracy" • guy_dugas - "julius caesar roman general"

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