Voltaire One of the Most Influential Philosophers

Summary of Ideas

Voltaire, a French philosophe, is known to be one of the greatest and most brilliant philosophe. His real name was Fran├žois Marie Arouet. He lived during the time period of 1694 to 1778. He published more than 70 books of political essays, philosophy, and drama. Voltaire often used irony or humor against his opponents. He made powerful enemies but never gave up what he believed in. He believed in tolerance, reason, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech. He fought with his words, his tongue and quill pen were sharp like a sword. He didn't want a perfect world, he just wanted everyone to know and realize that if you substitute ignorance for knowledge it could be a better place.

Impact of Idea on Society

Voltaire's freedom of thought and expression impacted society because afterward the US Bill of Rights and French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen; European monarchs reduced or eliminated their censorship. Censorship is the banning of books, films, etc. that are considered obscene or politically unacceptable. Monarchs also eliminated persecution. Voltaire formed a changed world. People now believed in reason over faith. He inspired other thinkers to use their voice and make a difference. He increased the awareness of the Civil Liberties (freedom of expression, freedom of religion, right to assemble, and right to protest.) Voltaire was imprisoned in Bastille twice for his beliefs.

How did Voltaire's thoughts impact traditional beliefs in society ?

Voltaire believed in separation of church and state. Most people believed in "Divine Rights". Divine Rights is the idea that the right to rule came directly from God. There started to become a distance between religion and state. Voltaire's disapproval of the corruption of the church produced successful results in the radicalism and violence of the French Revolution. Radicalism is the beliefs or actions of people who support political or social reform.

Quote of Wisdom

"Judge a man by his questions rather than by his answers."

What this quote means to me?

To me, this quote means if you judge someone by their answers you're only hitting the tip of what they truly mean and a lot more information and knowldge can be hidden. If we judge someone by their questions then we can find out their personality traits. There are different types of questions. Questions that are meant to instigate thinking and questions aimed to pull knowledge.

The End

Kara Kurysz

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