Reagan/Gorbachev Summits by: Kayla Cameron & Alex Maka

The Immediate and Long Term Causes

  • An immediate cause was people began to feel safer because there was face-to-face civil communication
  • A long term effect was the constant worry over nuclear war had gone down and allowed many people‚Äôs fear to subside because both countries agreed to reduce the size of nuclear weapons.

Key People Involved/Roles They Played

  • Ronald Reagan - President of the United States
  • Mikhail Gorbachev - General Secretary of the Soviet Union
  • They came to agreements about nuclear weapons and helped end the fear of nuclear war.

The Geneva Summit

  • 1985
  • Met to talk about international diplomatic relations and arms control
  • Both the U.S. and the Soviet Union wanted to cut the number of nuclear weapons
  • Proposal of the INF Treaty
Reagan and Gorbachev at the Geneva Summit in Switzerland

The Reykjavik Summit

  • 1986
  • talked about arms control
  • Reagan wanted to talk more about human rights
  • Gorbachev wanted to talk only about arms control
  • Reagan and Gorbachev agreed that they needed to reduce their nuclear weapons
Reagan and Gorbachev at the Reykjavik Summit in Iceland

The Washington Summit

  • 1987
  • signed the INF Treaty
  • Gorbachev proposed another arms control deal, called the START agreement
Reagan and Gorbachev signing the INF Treaty at the Washington Summit

The Moscow Summit

  • 1988
  • Gorbachev was hoping to talk more about arms control
  • Finalized the INF Treaty after it was ratified by the U.S. Senate
Reagan and Gorbachev in Red Square at the Moscow Summit

Future Events That Were Influenced

  • the Berlin Wall was torn down in 1989
  • the Cold War ended
  • the peaceful fall of communism and the end of the Soviet Union in 1991
Created By
Alexandra Maka
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