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He Huewai Ukuhi ʻIke: A Gourd for Gathering and Distributing Knowledge Kauwela 2020

In collaboration with Huliauapaʻa, a 3-day workshop was proposed to share Huliauapaʻa’s experience in wahi kūpuna stewardship and research through a series of huakaʻi, trainings, and workshops. We were planning on camping with ʻohana at Kuhiawaho for this workshop until COVID-19. Kuhiawaho, an E Alu Pu Member- KUA network member, has previously collaborated with Huliauapaʻa and it was our intention to share Kuhiawahoʻs experience and research in this work as a guide for our newly engaged participants. When news of the pandemic came, we immediately switched to an online platform and refocused our topics towards themes that would benefit from our online approach. Thus, through this series of workshops, participants would learn vital introductory techniques to conduct different aspects of place based ethnohistoric and ethnographic research through a multitude of online repositories and databases. Note: we had zero in-person face to face meetings between March- July 2020, photos of groups of people were taken prior to the pandemic.

Our in-person plans to be at Kuhiawaho for a few days was halted by COVID-19. We pivoted and decided to offer a series of online workshops.

The short title of this workshop series is comprised primarily of just three key words, but within these three words, as is common with most words in the Hawaiian Language, much meaning may be derived upon closer examination.

Wai, critical to sustaining life, moves in a continuous hydrological cycle as it evaporates into the sky, falls to the earth, and makes its way to us through streams and pūnāwai. In a similar fashion, ʻike, critical to sustaining our own identity and strengthening our ʻoihana, is streamed to us through our ancestors, those who have come before us, and those yet to be born, as we exist within a Hawaiian cyclical perspective of time.

The huewai is a gourd used specifically for the purpose of gathering wai so that it may be redistributed for uses like drinking. In the process of gathering ʻike, our huewai are the tools that we use to gather, organize, and redistribute this ʻike.

The word ukuhi is defined partly as “to get or obtain water,” and also “to pour, as water into a cask” (Andrews, 119). In the moʻolelo of Pueo and ʻIole, found in He Mau Kaʻao Hawaiʻi, ukuhi is used in the context of a kahu gathering wai to serve to his ʻaumakua ʻiole (Pukui and Green, 51-53 and 123-124). Through this example, we begin to understand the inherent connection between the word ukuhi and the duties of a kahu, one who has a close pilina to the akua or ʻaumakua that they serve.

Today, many of you serve as kahu to the ʻāina and to the people to whom your organizations are responsible. The ʻike that you gather and redistribute will help to hoʻomana you all. We hope that these workshops will help you to create your own effective huewai to aid you in this task.

Huewai (photo by Kim Moa)
We prepped an offered 4 consecutive trainings.

Growing Digital Pilina (Connections)

Hoʻolauna means "to meet with, visit, socialize". Although we were not able to be physically next to each other, we continued to build connections among participants. Every workshop started with participant led protocol. We used features on Zoom to introduce ourselves to the hui, annotate collective maps and have small group discussions. We had fun, got silly and even made time to hoʻoikaika including a mid-meeting wā hoʻomaha (break time) which featured lively local music.

Participants used the annotate feature (hearts, arrows and xs) to mark their location across the Pae ʻĀina and where they function in thier ahupuaʻa. We used the chat box to share our inoa (names), wahi (places) and aloha with each other.
Participants "re-badged" themselves with their name and ʻāina and we all shared many awesome laughs!

We continued our cultural protocols as best we could as we interacted with each other 100 percent online and remote. During the 2020 CRM Virtual workshop, we counted at least 48 different participants, representing 23 community organizations across Hawaiʻi.

Expert ʻIke

Experts in the field, Huliauapaʻa, continued to line up awesome speakers to share and set our bearings as we navigate through Cultural Resource Management. In addition to guest speakers, Huliauapaʻa staff; Kepoʻo, Dom and Momi shared their special ʻike.

Uncle Kepā also shared ʻike on conducting oral histories. (photos above by Scott Kanda)
Aunty Davi shared tips for conducting community ethnographies. (photo by Kim Moa)
Keahiahi Long from UH-Manoa and Zack Smith from OHA shared online resources like Papakilo, Ulukau, Kani ʻāina and so many priceless repositories for us to utilize.

Sharing tools for the Community

Each participating organization received makana to add to their Huewai. The following books were gifted to each participating organization with the intention to add/ start Huewai for the communities. Some of the titles include; A Natural History of the Hawaiian Islands: Selected Readings II, Hawaiian Fishing Traditions, He Mau Palapala ʻĀina: Maps and the Questions Regarding Them, Nā Kuaʻāina: Living Hawaiian Culture, Place Names of Hawaiʻi, The Great Māhele: Hawaiʻi's Land Division of 1848, Kuleana and Commitment; Working toward a Collaborative Hawaiian Archaeology.

Such awesome resources! (photos by Kim Moa)

Kākoʻo- "to uphold, support, favor, assist, prop up". In addition, Huliauapaʻa offered supplemental resources and opportunities for help, including a website and one on one consulting. This website included logistical information including Zoom links, agenda, topic overviews, and speaker information as well as PDFs of presentations, handouts, and recordings of the workshop. One on one consultations were open to participants every Friday by our experts and guest speakers. Some talked basics and some about very specific research techniques!

"I need to get into Kipuka (data base) and start using it. Lots to unpack and dive into!"

Evaluation Highlights:

Evaluation is embedded in everything we do. KUA staff and board, as well as our network members, constantly observe and seek to deepen our understanding of our context, process, relationship and outcomes. We used Mentimeter to survey participants after each workshop, and nearly 90% response rates. We carved out the last 5 minutes of each workshop to have folks fill out the surveys, some folks had to leave early but did receive the link to fill out. Here are some initial outcome highlights.

"All of them were helpful. Conducting this sort of research could help paint an entirely new picture of a healthy and sustainable ahupuaʻa..."
  • 85% of respondents said they were able to build pilina with someone NEW from this workshop.
  • 82.95% of respondents said as result of the workshop, they learned a new skill applicable to their work.
  • 100% of respondents said they would want to participate in another related series or be updated on future workshops and/or events hosted by Huliauapaʻa.
  • 100% of respondents said they would want to participate in an additional follow-up workshop to this series, in-person and on the ʻāina.
"Seeing the once younger generation become makua and mentors, seeing the linkages with the land and maps and people become more refined and granular to provide insight to our community."

There was interest in hosting future workshops at participants sites as well!

"All were extremely useful to our org, because the research process is not one thing, but a variety and they all interweave and connect to one another"
"More workshops please :) I really enjoyed this!!!"

Summary of Expenses

KUA commits to providing these gatherings free of charge to participants so that money is never a barrier to your participation. We strive to make these gatherings as cost effective as possible, so we can bring as many of you together as we can each year. Here’s the breakdown:

None of these costs reflect the time of Huliauapaʻa and KUA staff dedicated to this event. Many in-kind hours made this gathering possible, including facilities, equipment, discount on supplies, donated food and volunteer time. In-kind resources are estimated around $8300.

Mahalo nui for your investment to respond and equip Hawaiʻi communities:

To the Trustees, Boards and Staff of the Harold K.L. Castle Foundation; Natural and Cultural Resources, Kamehameha Schools.

Mahalo piha to all participating hui and individuals for your time, manaʻo, hana, and dedication to our interest in uncovering our history...

KAUAʻI || Mālama Kōloa: Ted Blake | Pūlama Nōmilu: Makana Reilly | Malama Huleʻia : Peleke Flores| Kaumualii, Chapter 3 : Peter M Kea | OʻAHU | Hoʻāla ʻĀina Kūpono: Kahiau Wallace | Paepae o Heʻeia: Hiʻilei Kawelo, Keliʻi Kotubetey | Mokauea Fishermen's Association: Kēhaulani Kupihea | E Ala Paʻaiau Kimberly Moa | Hoʻoulu ʻĀina: Scotty Garlough | Waimānalo Limu Hui: Kirk Deitschman | Kuhiawaho: Laʻakea Ai | Hoʻokuaʻāina: Makana Wilhelm | Hui o Hoʻohonua: Bert Weeks || Hui o Hauʻula: Rebekah Walker | ʻEwa Limu Project: Wally Ito | Mālama Loko Ea Foundation: Rae DeCoito | Mālama Pūpūkea-Waimea: Jenny Yagodich || MOLOKAʻI || Hoʻolehua Homestead Ag Assn./OLA Molokaʻi Homeschool Program: Kilia Purdy-Avelino || Manaʻe Limu Hui: Malia Waits | Ka Ipu Makani: Pūlama Lima | LĀNAʻI || Maunalei Ahupuaʻa: Kolomona Kahoʻohalahala || MAUI || Ka Malu o Kahālāwai: Kanoe Steward, Paanaakala Tanaka || Aoao o Nā Loko Iʻa o Maui: Leonard Kapahulehua|| HAWAIʻI || Kumuola, Waiāhole Loko: Blake D McNaughton | Kamaʻāina United to Protect the ʻĀina: Damien Kenison | Hui ʻAlapa: Scott Mahoney | Liliʻuokalani Trust: Deann Nishimura Thornton, Ambrose Cantan || KŌKUA & GUESTS || UH Manoa Davianna McGregor, Keahiahi Long, OHA Zack Smith, Lānaʻi Culture and Heritage Center Kepā Maly, KS Natalie Kurashima, Huliauapaʻa Staff (Kelley Uyeoka, Laʻakea Ai, Dominique Cordy, Leimomi Wheeler, Lilia Merrin, Kepoʻo Keliʻipaʻakaua, Kaile Luga) + KUA Staff (Wally Ito, Kim Moa, Kevin Chang, Niegel Rozet, Brenda Asuncion, Alex Connelly, Ginger Gohier, Miwa Tamanaha, Debbie Gowensmith, Lauren Muneoka) *we sincerely apologize to any whose names we may have missed.

Kuhiawaho, Oʻahu (photo by Laʻakea Ai)

Mahalo to YOU for taking the time to read this, reflect with us and share in our moʻolelo.

"we need a follow up in person workshop it would be so helpful to make in person contact pilina"

we hope to gather in person in the future, when it is safe. Mālama Pono!