Roll of Thunder Portfolio Shams falih- p.6

Jim Crow Laws

The African Americans were not allowed to sit in front of the bus. They would be punished if they had any contact with a white person or touch a woman. Unlike the white people could sit in front of the car and shake hands with each other or hug one another without being punished and they can also do whatever they want.
African Americans were not allowed to shake hands with white people. If they did shake hands with white people they would consider it as an assault.

The Great Depression

The Great Depression was a a night mare in North America, Europe, and other industrialized areas of the world that began in 1929 and lasted until about 1939. It was the longest and most severe depression ever experienced by the Western world. Although the U.S. economy had gone into depression six months earlier, the Great Depression may be said to have begun with a catastrophic collapse of stock-market prices on the New York Stock Exchange in October 1929. During the next three years stock prices in the United States continued to fall, until by late 1932 they had dropped to only about 20 percent of their value in 1929. Besides ruining many thousands of individual investors, this precipitous decline in the value of assets greatly strained banks and other financial institutions, particularly those holding stocks in their portfolios. Many banks were consequently forced into insolvency; by 1933, 11,000 of the United States' 25,000 banks had failed. The failure of so many banks, combined with a general and nationwide loss of confidence in the economy, led to much-reduced levels of spending and demand and hence of production, thus aggravating the downward spiral. The Great Depression made many people suffer and get hurt. 

These photos show starvation and sadness

Abolishment of Slavery

The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate and the House. President Abraham Lincoln approved the Joint Resolution of Congress submitting the proposed amendment to the state legislatures. In 1863 President Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring “all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” Unfortunately, the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation. Lincoln recognized that the Emancipation Proclamation would have to be followed by a constitutional amendment in order to guarantee the abolishment of slavery. In Roll Of Thunder Hear My Cry the author states “I am blessed to come from a family of storytellers, people who repeatedly told the history of our family from the days of slavery into my own childhood years. I am also blessed that my family had photographs of so many of the people who were important to that history. Another blessing was that several generations of my family grew up in the same house, the house my great-grandparents built on their own land in Mississippi at the turn of the twentieth century. My father and his brothers and sisters grew up in that house and although as adults they all moved to the North, each year they took their children back to that house, back to the family, back to the land.” (Taylor 11)

Lynching

Lynching means killing without a trial in the South. An example from the book is when a black and white person meet up at the bridge the African American must pull back his car for the white person to pass. "But one day we'll have to pay for it. Believe me, " she said, "one day we'all pay. Another example is when TG gets lynched because he robbed a store. People who broke the Jim Crow laws for little or no reason, were lynched.

(https://youtu.be/h4ZyuULy9zs)

Credits:

Created with images by Mamyoung - "cotton field tn" • pantranco_bus - "genesis bus" • Meditations - "agree agreement asian" • WikiImages - "woman children florence thompson" • Tony Fischer Photography - "The Causes of The Great Depression / FDR Memorial Site" • buckle1535 - "Great Depression" • darkday. - "Bowls of Metal" • mrbill78636 - "A MOTHER ..."

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