Wetland conservation is aimed at protecting and preserving areas where water exists at or near the Earth's surface, such as swamps, marshes and bogs. Wetlands cover at least six per cent of the Earth and have become a focal issue for conservation due to the ecosystem services they provide.
1. Wetland conservation always deals with land. 2.Wetlands are a home to many species of migratory and resident birds, reptiles and amphibians, fish, insects, and plants. 3.They also benefit society by storing floodwaters, filtering pollutants, serving as a carbon sink, and providing recreation sites for boating and fishing, just to name a few. 4.There are three major groups of wetlands: marine, tidal, and non-tidal. 5.Marine wetlands occur in coastal shallows.
Section 404, jointly administered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), regulates the discharge of dredged or fill material into "waters of the United States," which include wetlands.
Benefits- water purification, flood protection, shoreline stabilization, groundwater recharge, and streamflow maintenance.
The acres of wetland were rising in the late 90s but have now began to lower. They are now down to 288 million acres in the lower 48 states.