Homesteaders were settlers who acquired free land from the government.
Homesteading primarily took place in the west, especially in the state of Oklahoma.
The Homestead Act stated that any farmers residing on land for 5 years would be given 160 acres for homesteading, Congress wanted to give the poor a chance to own a farm.
Challenges that arose from the Homestead Act was that many people did not have money to move West to start a farm. Land companies also took over large areas illegally.
The Populist party was a political party that pushed for social reforms. It demanded public ownership of railroads and warehouses to control rates, a tax on income to replace property taxe, an eight-hour workday and other reforms.
Plains farmers that used machines called drills to plants crops. These drills buried seeds deep in the ground where there was moisture.
Boomers were white settlers who believed unnasigned lands were public property and not just for Native Americans. Sooners were people who entered the unassigned land in Oklahoma before the land rush officially began.
70,000 African Americans who settled in Kansas, these people were called exodustersby how they believed they were Jews fleeing slavery in Egypt, a biblical story told in the book of Exodus.