Definition- Unlawful activities of the members of a highly organized, disciplined association engaged in supplying illegal goods and services, including gambling, prostitution, loan-sharking, narcotics and racketeering, and in other unlawful activities.
- Transnational organized crime- Unlawful activity undertaken and supported by organized criminal groups operating across national boundaries.
- Administration- Top-level "management" of a crime family
- Capo- Family member leading a crew
- Consigliere- Family advisor, always consulted before decisions are made
- Made man- Inducted member of a crime family
- Underboss- Second-in-command to the boss
- Bagman- Carries money for racketeers
Organized crime didn't become prominent in the United States until the 1850s. Notorious groups such as the Forty Thieves in New York rose to prominence as hundreds of immigrants came together for their own protection and financial gain. These people felt they could only rely on each other and saw organized crime as a means to better their lives and find protection from other gangs and corrupt police officers.
The largest organized crime family today, the Solntsevskaya Bratva, has a current revenue of $8.5 billion through drug trade and human trafficking. They have around 9,000 members.
- Education/awareness- Ordinary citizens should learn more about organized crime and the specific dangers that it poses to their lives. They should express their concerns to policy creators to make it a top priority among major concerns.
- Intelligence/Tech- Criminal justice are no watch for powerful criminal organizations. Better intelligence methods need to be developed through training more specialized law enforcement units with state-of-the-art technology.
- Assistance- Developing countries need assistance building capacity to counter these threats. An important tool the United Nations Convention Agfainst Transnational Organized Crime.
- Coordination- The integrated action at intelligence level is crucial in identifying, investigating and prosecuting the people behind these threats.
- Proactivity- Find out what's being done in your personal community find out what to do, and encourage friends, family, and neighbors to help.
What you can do-https://www.unodc.org/toc/en/whatsbeingdone.html