As a result of their isolation/geographical location, the aboriginal Australian population developed different than those in surrounding countries. According to the Australian government’s website, the indigenous cultures in Australia are some of the oldest living cultural history in the world. They have kept their culture alive due to the ability to adapt to change as well as passing their knowledge down from generation to generation due to their rituals, arts, languages, and even the landscape. With the aborigines being mainly semi-nomadic hunters and gatherers, their relationship with the land was more prominent than most other cultures. They had a spiritual relationship with the land that also encouraged them to create mythic stories to describe the landscape, which were historically accurate and proven true.
Compared to America, Australia had a seemingly richer community, speaking culturally. There were a variety of different clans living among the aborigines – approximately 600, and roughly about 250 different languages spoken. While the country itself remaining isolated with not much access to transport or connect globally, the culture thrived because there were not outside influences. Colonization was greatly influencing America at the time, and being that Australia was harder to access, colonization efforts were lost, thus allowing the Australian culture to spread throughout the country as well as adapt to the different changes taking place around them. Just like the people, other species were unable to migrate out of the country due to its geographical location, which not only kept Australia’s culture diverse, but it also kept the species, plants, and other intricate offerings such as music, dance, and art unique to Australia.
As previously mentioned, the aboriginals were hunters and gatherers, and this has been proven based on genetic and artifact evidence. The people had to adapt to their location quickly. With lack of transport as well as connection to the other parts of the world, it made it necessary for them to collect their own resources rather than having the luxury of relying on trade to gain more resources necessary for survival. Despite lack of communication and trade with the rest of the world, Australia could sustain their culture because of this. It, overall, made Australia unique to the world around them and still to this day, allow them to be more culturally diverse from the outside world.
Altman, Jon C., and Melinda Hickson. 2010. Culture crisis: anthropology and politics in Aboriginal Australia. n.p.: Sydney : University of New South Wales Press, 2010., 2010. UCF Libraries Catalog, EBSCOhost (accessed February 15, 2017).
"Australian Indigenous Cultural Heritage." Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Digital Transformation Agency, 31 Mar. 2015. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.
Society, National Geographic. "Australia and Oceania: Human Geography." National Geographic Society. N.p., 09 Oct. 2012. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.