Synthesis - March 25, 1911 - the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burned down, killing 145 workers. Most of the deaths were preventable because many of the victims died as a result of ignored safety features and locked doors within the factory building. Attention was brought to the sweatshop-like conditions of factories. The tragedy led to the development of a series of laws and regulations that protected the safety of workers.
Jobs for Men
- Migrant workers were men who engaged in construction related trade.
- Cottage industry typically involved an entire family, with the man being in charge of the means of production. All the labor would take place in the home, with families often working from morning till night.
- Typical cottage industry could be a weaver who worked at home and then sold his wares to a middle man.
- Opportunities as skilled artisans declined due to industrialization trends. Most skilled artisans had a long period of unpaid apprenticeship, ranging from years to months.
- Also worked in factories
- Railroads produced thousands of jobs and strengthened/grew other industries (coal, cotton, lumber, steel, etc.)
Synthesis - The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company in Great Britain brought locomotives to the United States. In the past, to get from coast to coast, there were two routes. The first was a six-month sea voyage from New York around the tip of South America to San Diego or San Francisco. The second route brought travelers over the Oregon-California Trail in covered wagons over rugged terrain and wild territory. This journey also averaged six months. In 1850, the Panama Railway, the world's first transcontinental railroad, was constructed. It eventually instigated the California Gold Rush in the mid-19th century.