1. Walter Camp was born on April 7, 1859 in New Britain, CT.
2. Walter attended Yale College, where he played and coached football.
3. He is credited with innovations such as the snap-back from center, the system of downs, and the points system as well as the introduction of the now-standard offensive arrangement of players—a seven-man line and a four-man backfield consisting of a quarterback, two halfbacks, and a fullback.
4. By the age of 33, twelve years after graduating from Yale, Walter Camp had already become known as the "Father of Football."
5. He died on March 14, 1925 in New York City, New York.
Walter Camp invented the line of scrimmage
Walter Camp invented the down system used in football
1. A line of scrimmage is parallel to the goal lines and touches one edge of the ball where it sits on the ground prior to the snap.
2. Under NFL, NCAA, and NFHS rules, there are two lines of scrimmage at the outset of each play: one that restricts the offense and one that restricts the defense.
3. In Canadian football, the team on defense must line up no nearer than a yard to the line of scrimmage. In American football, they must only be beyond the line.
4. Modern video techniques enable broadcasts of American football to display a visible line on the screen representing the line of scrimmage.
5. The line may represent the line of scrimmage or the minimum distance that the ball must be moved for the offensive team to achieve a first down.