This is a picture of a siege war between countries. The siege tower is located next to the castle and mantlets were placed in front of the soldiers for protection.
The Siege tower, also known as breaching tower is the wooden tower located next to the castle that carries soldiers and supplies that can invade the castle. It has a platform on top of it which can be lowered like a drawbridge. This machine was invented to protect soldiers from arrows while approaching the castle. The tower is often rectangular with 4 wheels and made from flammable materials so they were sometimes covered in steel sheets to get protection from fire arrows. Siege towers were first used by the Neo-Assyrian Empire in the 9th century under Ashurnasirpal II and he also used battle rams for breaking down castle gates. About 200 to 250 soldiers can be operated from a single tower, and in some rare cases, siege towers were placed on ships to cross the rivers just outside of the city walls.
Mantlets are large portable shields that are used to block projectiles during the middle ages. They were easily caught on fire and had wheels, which meant that the soldiers had to move them by themselves. The soldier operating the mantlet would hold on the the spreader bar that is located at the center and use it to push or pull the mantlet during war. In some incidents, the mantlets had spikes at the bottom for some close range techniques.
This was a type of mantlet used during the middle ages. It had wheels for efficient movement and bars in the center so that it can be moved.
Trebuchet was a machine/weapon used during the middle ages in a siege warfare. Trebuchets were valuable weapon that slung large, heavy stones to the castle wall to break them down into pieces. The word originates from an old french word "Trebucher" which means to throw over. The engine of the Trebuchet was first invented in 300 BC in ancient China. It was introduced to Europe during the middle ages and were used extensively by the French. It was composed of mainly the lever and the sling and it was capable to throw about 2000 stones a day. Not only stones were thrown towards the castle but many other things like: sharp wooden darts, fire, burning tar, burning sand, greek fire, dung, dead and infected bodies and animals. Burning sand were trapped inside the armor which eventually lead them to death.
This is a picture of a trebuchet. It launched stones with engines developed in the middle ages. It was one of the main weapons that were used during a siege war.
This is the map during the high middle age. The Holy Roman Empire in pink overing the present day Germany. The Byzantium Empire is in Yellow and it is covering present day Turkey.