active: the subject is the doer of the action
*Key clues: it's one verb
Ex: Camille's mom promised her a new pair of earrings for Christmas.
Ex: The cold, winter breeze opened the window.
passive: the subject is the receiver of the action
*Key clues: verb phrase (except for the helping verb "did") and when it says "by someone"
Ex: Camille was promised a new pair of earrings for Christmas by her mom.
Ex: The window was opened by the cold, winter breeze.
progressive: form of be + present participle
Ex: Andrea is taking French.
Ex: The lack of a rain is causing Atlanta to have a drought.
Perfect: form of have + past participle
Ex: June had listened to the new album.
Ex: I have played soccer since I was six years old.
*Sometimes the verb can be missing and you have to fill it in with the correct form correct form
Ex: She (enjoy) __________ the ride at the amusement park. (past perfect)
subjunctive: a wish or desire; demand; uncertainty; contrary to fact; and a recommendation
*key words: if, that, whether, wish/desire, suggest/recommend, and should/would/could
Ex: I recommend that we should wait an hour.
Ex: I would do homework now if i were you.
indicative: fact or question
Ex: Have you ever heard of the Legend of Atlanta
Ex: We have two pets name Klondike and Petals.
Ex: Draw out a diagram.
Ex: Follow all the instructions before starting.
Emphatic: do + verb (MUST HAVE VERB STRAIGHT AFTER)
*comes last when deciding mood
Ex: They did have fun on their camping trip.
Ex: I do hope that Santa comes tonight!