Insect Orders By lily fridl

Lepidoptera- butterflyies and moths

"2 pairs of membranous wings that are covered in tiny scales which overlap like shingles on a roof."
"Antennae present. Antennae are long and slender in female moths and generally feathery in male moths. Butterflies have clubbed antennae"
Coleoptera- beetles
"They communicate to one another in many ways, either by use of chemicals (e.g. pheromones), sounds (e.g. stridulation), or by visual means (e.g. fireflies)."
"They live in rainforest canopies, the driest deserts, in lakes, and above treeline on mountains."
Hymenoptera- sawflies, wasps, bees, and ants
"Third largest order of insects."
"The Hymenoptera is the only order besides the Isoptera (termites) to have evolved complex social systems with division of labor."


Hemiptera- cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, and shield bugs

"The Hemiptera are called 'true' bugs because everyone - entomologists included - tend to call all insects 'bugs'. That is a loose term, whereas the true bugs are just those contained within the insect order Hemiptera."
"all of them have piercing mouthparts with which they can suck the juices from plants or animals - usually plants. Their mouthparts are contained in a beak (or rostrum) which is usually held underneath the body when not in use."
Odonata- dragonflies and damselflies (carnivorous insects)
"Odonata consists of three groups: Anisoptera (which includes dragonflies), Zygoptera (which includes damselflies), and Anisozygoptera (a relict group represented by only two living species"
"minute antennae, extremely large eyes (filling most of the head), two pairs of transparent membranous wings with many small veins, a long slender abdomen, an aquatic larval stage (nymph) with posterior tracheal gills, and a prehensile labium (extendible jaws underneath the head)"
Orthoptera- grasshoppers, crickets, cave crickets, locusts, ect
Orthoptera which means 'straight wings
They are often easily seen jumping away when disturbed or heard 'singing' at night.
The forewings are narrower than the hind wings and hardened or leathery at the base. They are held roof-like overlapping the abdomen at rest. The hind wing is membranous and held folded fan-like under the forewings when at rest
Mantodea- praying mantis
Praying mantids are carnivorous as both adults and nymphs and eat a wide variety of insects, which they seize with their powerful forelegs. They can often be observed slowly stalking their prey or waiting in ambush on vegetation.
female may attack and eat the male during or after mating.
Diptera- flies and mosquitos
Flies have a complete life cycle and will mate while flying.
Adult flies are only able to ingest liquid foods due to their sucking and/or piercing mouthparts.
Blattodea- cockroaches and termites
Cockroaches have incomplete metamorphosis.
Cockroaches in Australia are widespread and adapted to both wet and dry environments. Most species are nocturnal and ground dwelling and are usually found hiding during the day in crevices, under bark, rocks or logs and in burrows. Some species may occur on plants or in litter and some also occur solely in caves or ant nests.
Phasmida- stick bugs
Phasmida comes from the Greek word phasm, which means phantom. This refers to these insects’ amazing camouflage, which allows them to almost disappear into their surroundings.
• most are wingless, but some have wings


Created with images by fabriciodo - "Heliconius Melpomene butterfly" • Myagi - "butterfly lepidoptera insect" • Scott Loarie - "Lepidoptera" • zoosnow - "swallowtail caterpillar green caterpillar caterpillar" • SHAWSHANK61 - "malachite butterfly siproeta" • Awwducational - "Giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)" • zoosnow - "swallowtail caterpillar swallowtail a larva of butterfly" • Mick E. Talbot - "Coleoptera" • francok35 - "insects hymenoptera apis" • Josch13 - "canthigaster cicada fulgoromorpha insect" • Josch13 - "canthigaster cicada fulgoromorpha insect" • aubrey_moore - "PC130086" • francok35 - "hemiptera bedbugs graphosoma" • Martin Cooper Ipswich - "Issus coleoptratus" • S. Rae - "Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale (Hawthorn shieldbug - final instar nymph" • francok35 - "hemiptera bug nezara" • francok35 - "hemiptera ant bug" • Brodie Foster - "Tambinia sexmaculata" • werner22brigitte - "dragonfly insect bug" • jl.cernadas - "3101-Saltamontes en Oleiros (Coruña)" • arian.suresh - "Asian ant mantis (Nymph)" • FraukeFeind - "fly insect brachycera" • treegrow - "Pretty Cockroach" • treegrow - "Arizona Walkingstick"

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