What We've Learned photo 1 semester 1

Photogram: All you need is photo paper and some interesting/cool-looking items.

Place the items on top of the paper and expose the paper with the enlarger. After exposing it to light, develop it using the usual process (explained later on).

Pinhole Camera: Some kind of light-tight box is needed, along with a piece of metal (aluminum) with a pinhole to let in light. A flap to cover the metal is also required. Photo paper is placed in the back of the box, facing the pinhole.

Shutter speed: How long the shutter allows light to enter the camera; used for capturing action or creating blur, trails, etc.

Aperture: Determines the size of the opening that light enters the camera through; allows for depth of field effect.

3-Point Lighting: Used for portraits to enhance the face of the subject.

Storytelling: We learned how to tell a short narrative in only a few pictures.

B&W Film Processing

Step 1: Loading the film into the canister (done in the changing room).

Step 2: Chemical processing at the sink.

D-76 (time based on temperature of water); rotate first 30 seconds, five seconds every minute.

Stop Bath (30 seconds).

Fixer (5 minutes, agitate first 10 seconds of every minute).

Remember to pour out the fixer in its special container.

Hurricane washer and PhotoFlo.

Step 3: Dry the negatives overnight in the dryer.

Step 4: Cut the negatives and put them in a photo sleeve.

Step 5: Make a contact sheet. Put the negatives on top of a piece of photo paper, expose it, and process the paper (similar to the photogram). The contact sheet allows you to get a sense of which photos are better than others.

Step 6: Negative Carrier. Once you've decided which negative you want to print, place it into the carrier so it can be inserted into the enlarger.

Step 7: Test strips. These allow you to decide for how long you want to expose your photo (F 2.8). The strip is processed in the same way as a photo (explained later).

Step 8: Contrast filter. Choose whichever number you want, depending on whether you want great or little contrast between black and white.

Step 9: Grain Focuser. This allows you to make sure your picture is perfectly in focus when you print it. Adjust the focus while looking through the focuser at a special sheet (when you see tiny black dots the picture is in focus).

Step 10: The photo itself.

Expose the photo paper using the enlarger (usually F 8.0), and adjust the amount of time you want to expose your (RC) paper (longer = darker) using the controller.

Optionally, you can burn or dodge your photo to reduce or increase the amount of light one part of the paper is exposed to.

Once you have exposed your paper, you have to process it in the various chemicals (test strip used for example).

First, 90 seconds in D-76. Next, 30 seconds in the stop bath, then 3 minutes in fixer. Finally, 5 minutes in water.

Next, you squeegee your photo and put it into the dryer.

Dry Mount

First, tack the tissue paper to the photo paper. Next, cut off the edges of the tissue paper. Center the photo on your board and tack the corners so the picture stays in place.

Then, put the photo and board in the press (this will permanently bind them).

Finally, take out the board and place it under a heavy object for a few minutes.

Film Camera

The camera is manual focus (rotate the wheel on the lens). To change aperture, adjust the aperture wheel at the front of the lens. To change shutter speed, adjust the control on the top of the camera.

To get the right exposure, you have to adjust the aperture and shutter speed together. The camera will notify you with a small green light in the viewfinder when you get the right balance.

Loading film into the camera: Push the button on the bottom of the camera, open the camera, and place the reel into its compartment.

Next, take the end of the film and insert it into the slot in the cylinder-like mechanism across from the reel, and pull back the lever on top of the camera until you have pulled the film taught and the indicator on top of the camera says picture 1.

To unload the film, you have to rewind the film so it is safe inside the reel, and then reopen the camera and take out the reel. Once it is out, take it to the changing room, pop it open and put it inside the canister.

Thanks for watching

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.