We are surrounded by colour every single day. It is fundamental to our every day lives and can create many different moods and emotions depending on the colour.
Colour is the element in art which is created when the light hits and object and is reflected back into the eye. The three properties of colour are the hue (the colour, e.g: RED), the intensity (meaning the strength of the colour) and finally the value (how light and dark it is).
Colour can be split into different areas:
- Primary Colours
- Secondary Colours
- Tertiary colours
- Warm & cool colours
- Complementary colours
- Analogous colours
THE COLOUR WHEEL
Fun Fact: The colour wheel was first designed by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666.
primary, secondary & tertiary colours
Our primary colours are Red, Blue and Yellow. These three colours cannot be mixed, but we can mix these to create other colours in the colour wheel. These are known as our secondary colours.
When we mix any of the two primary colours together, we create secondary colours. These are Green, Orange and Purple, for example when we mix Blue and Red together we create Purple.
Tertiary colours come from mixing primary colours with an adjacent secondary colour. We name them as the primary colour-adjacent secondary colour, for example; yellow-green. See below colour wheel where they list the tertiary colours.
warm & cool colours
When looking at the colour wheel we an slit it into two halves; the warm colours and the cool colours. We associate blue tones with coolness and red tones with warmth.
Complementary colours refer to two colours which are opposite each other in the colour wheel. These two colour are opposing but can emphasise each other to flow and be harmonious with one another.
Hues, tints and tones
When we add light or darkness to a colour it can appear brighter or darker. This is the same in visual arts, where we can add white or black to make a lighter or darker tint or shade as shown below.
Analogous colours are colours that are next to one another on the colour wheel. When used together they seem to blend well. Please see below for explains on analogous colours.