Protein synthesis is turning the code in your DNA into proteins.
Organelles involved: DNA, RNA, ribosomes, and proteins.
Organisms that use protein synthesis: eukaryotic
Protein synthesis is important because the proteins control the type of reactions in the cellls.
Steps of transcription:
Step 1: DNA Polymerase unzips the DNA
Step 2: Uses the DNA template to make an mRNA
Step 3: mRNA leaves the nucleus and goes into the cytoplasm
Organelles involved: DNA and RNA
DNA base pair rule: A matches with T and C matches with G
RNA base pair rule: A matches with U (use U instead of T) and C matches with G
This happened when the DNA breaks apart and creates RNA. This happens in the nucleus. RNA can leave the nucleus but DNA cannot.
Organelles involved: DNA, RNA, Ribosome, and Cytoplasm.
Molecules involved: mRNA and tRNA
tRNA: tRNA reads a codon and brings the matching amino acids.
This happens during translation. This happens in the ribosome.
A mutation is a change in the DNA structure. Mutations are caused by Translocation, Duplication, Addition, Deletion, and Substitution. Translocation is when a base is moved, duplication is when a base is copied, addition is adding another base, deletion is deleting a base, and substitution is changing a base. Point mutation is not as dangerous as frameshift mutation. Point mutation is a change in one base. Frameshift mutation is a mutation that can shift how the bases are read by adding or deleting a base.