What is the statistic or rate at which the animals are being poached?
Recent research has shown that the rate at which the animals are being poached keeps increasing as time goes by. Poulsen an assistant professor of tropical ecology in the Nicholas School of the Environment and the Forest Elephant Working Group first took a census of the forest elephant population in Minkébé National Park in the northeastern corner of Gabon, an area that was thought to have the densest population of forest elephants in Central Africa.He says that“What we found is that between 2004 and 2014, the park lost 81 percent of its elephants, mostly to ivory poachers coming from Cameroon.”From the following report we can conclude that almost all endangered animals are being poached out of existence. After campaigning to end poaching the rate at which animals were being poached reduced.The other solutions such as increasing protections in parks are giving positive results.The animals are protected from poachers and the rate at which they are poached has reduced.Heather Sohl,World Wildlife Fund (WWF) - U.K.'s Chief Advisor on Species, says"The slight decrease in rhinos poached is somewhat of a relief compared to recent years when we've seen nothing but increases, however, no poaching is acceptable," Although the rate at which poaching is done has reduced it does not mean that poachers have willingly put down their tools and retired,they are still poaching.
why do poachers poach the animals?
Most of the articles about poaching only portray one side of the story.Most poachers poach because they have no money and live lives of poverty.When they get a chance to get ‘easy money’ they maximize the opportunity.In an article written by Chady c. lolosoli ,a wildlife conservationist, he said “One of the main problem is that poacher are offered huge sums of money to kill elephants for their tusks. To a poor man struggling to feed his family, the life of a single elephant is certainly worthy being able to support his family.”.One of the reasons is that the poachers poach to feed their families and to earn a living.Dr Rolf D Baldus says “Poaching provides income, and given the widespread poverty and unemployment it is easy to find sufficient manpower for this industry”.Another reason that may promote poaching is that there is a growing need in people who believe that the horns of the poached animals have remedies to cure certain fatal illnesses. Guy bezant an online journalist intern for the International non-profit volunteering NGO says “ Desired for trophy reasons and for traditional medicine, ivory is in such demand that it's estimated that every three years, 100,000 elephants are poached for their tusks and that one in ten elephants die from poaching.”
what are some of the main problems facing poaching?
An article written by the world wildlife fund says that the parks that protect the animals lack sufficient funding.Few countries have managed to establish ways to provide long-term sustainable financing for individual protected areas. There is a need to find new and sustainable financial resources to supplement funding for existing protected areas and to support the establishment of new protected areas.Poaching is also being encouraged by the increasing prices of poached goods .Brian Dan Migowe,a correspondent from Kenya says ,”As prices and demands increase ,so do the illegal killing of rhinos and elephants in sub-saharan Africa”.The most effective way to end poaching might be to educate the community on the negative effects of poaching.
Q:what happens to the poachers ?
Wildlife conservationists came to a conclusion that they had to do something to help the poachers who poached because they were poor.So they came up with solutions such as rehabilitating them and offering them jobs. Chaddy Lolotoli, a wildlife conservationist says “ Solutions like here in Kenya where lots of poachers have been rehabilitated and offered jobs.The established developments has seen local people greatly benefit from it and have become possessive of about their animals thwarting poachers of animals and plants.”But that was not enough so they went a step further by joining hands with the locals to prevent poaching.Dr Jan schmidt- burbach WAP ( world animal protection) wildlife programs manager says “ To protect elephants from suffering we need to work along local people.If we don’t consider them this would not lead to establishing any sustainable solutions”But by joining hands with the locals they are greatly preventing poaching because the locals know more about their environment than anyone and can report suspicious illegal activities in the area.Their are also some countries who have taken extreme measures.An example is India.In an article written by Julia Travers ,a journalist ,she says “ Rangers at kaziranga national park in Assam, India can shoot poachers to protect the Indian one-horned rhinoceros.While the number of rhinoceros killed has now dropped,the human shooting policy remains controversial.”In India the poachers who are caught are shot immediately without asking questions.In other countries the poachers are fined heavily and sent to prison. This does not help much because they serve their jail term get out and continue poaching.This is where solutions such as rehabilitation can help once they are done serving their jail terms.
Why is poaching still thriving even after all the precautions have been taken?
There are no specific methods that ensure that the animals are a hundred percent safe from poachers.Some poachers get smart and plan another way to make the methods less efficient.Axel Hunnicut ,a wildlife ecologist says “Government officials and local law enforcements may be trained to detect counterfeiting,human trafficking and even different kinds of drugs, but is a local official going to able to distinguish one particular cat skull from another ? Usually that is left to people at the university, who can’t usually do that’’Hunnicutt added.It is mostly the university graduates who can differentiate between the real tusks and the fake.The local enforcement might be tricked by the poachers because they do not have enough training to notice if the ivory is fake or real. The game parks still face other problems such as ”ninety percent of the protected areas are not able to finance themselves. Because of the lack in government funding they often become ‘paper parks’(protected areas that exist only on paper).”says Rolf D. Baldus a member of wildlife conservation and management in eastern and southern Africa.We might even say that paper parks are there to be seen but not to be heard. Paper parks are more vulnerable because nobody takes care of the animals in the park.If they are poached nobody will do anything about it.
What does the future hold for the animals that are being poached?
Technology can be used to reduce the number of animals being poached.Rose Argall a research and development Intern at Frontier, an international non-profit volunteering NGO says “In a rhino reserve in Kenya, innovative drone technology is being tested to help rangers in the fight against poaching. These drones, which also operate after dark using night vision and thermal imaging, can be operated via laptop and act as an extra pair of eyes, helping to locate poachers within the reserve.”The leaders of the countries where poaching takes place have to come up with laws that are implemented and have serious consequences if broken. Mr Andrew Muir of the wilderness foundation says that “Decisive leadership is needed by the South African government as South Africa has the majority of the world’s rhino and as such, are their custodians.”Something should also be done to ensure that corruption ends
the video above explains more about the trends in poaching and how it has developed over the years