Steve Jobs was born February 24, 1955, in San Fransisco, California to Abdulfattah "John" Jandali and Joanne Carole Schieble. He was later adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs, who he would call his real parents. As a child, he had trouble making friends and was described by other children as a loner. Across multiple schools, he often had trouble learning. He credits his fourth grade teacher, Imogene 'Teddy' Hill, with inspiring his drive for learning by bribing him if he completed tasks such as workbooks, homework, etc. He skipped fifth grade and attended sixth grade at Crittenden Middle School in Mountain View, California, where he was bullied and lonesome. He told his family that they would either take him out of Crittenden or he would drop out. So, in 1967, the Jobs moved into a 3-bedroom house in Los Altos, California. In 1968, he was given a summer job by Bill Hewlett of Hewlett Packard on the assembly line.
High School, College and Early 20s
Jobs attended Homestead High School in Los Altos, California. He began his first year of school in late 1968. He became interested in Counter-Culture and grew his hair long. He enrolled in Electronics 1, but dropped out, however, due to disagreements with the teacher. In mid-1970, he started listening to more music and becoming more interested in literature. He developed two circles of friends, those interested in arts and those interested in computers.
Steve Jobs went to college at Reed College in Portland, Oregon in 1972. Reed's tuition cost Paul and Clara most of their life's savings, but Jobs told them that he wanted to drop out so they could keep their money. He once visited a calligraphy class and he credits this as being the reason the Mac has multiple typefaces. He dropped out of Reed later that year.
h5twasIn 1972, Jobs began to work on and off with Atari.. In 1975, Jobs began to attend computer club meetings with his long time friend, Steve Wozniak. In 1976, Wozniak showed Jobs his self designed computer, the Apple I. Jobs suggested they sell the computer and, with the help of another friend, Ronald Wayne, founded Apple Computer. Wayne left shortly after founding, leaving Wozniak and Jobs to run the company. The Apple I was rather rudimentary, and was scoffed at by early investors. In 1977, Jobs and Wozniak unveiled the Apple II. It was high successful and drove Apple into the spotlight. Around this time, Jobs began to wear his iconic black turtle neck, jeans, and sneakers. In 1978, at age 23, Steve Jobs was worth $1,000,000. By 25, he was worth $100 million. After a troublesome few years with Mike Scott as CEO of Apple, Jobs convinced Pepsi-Cola President John Sculley to take up the position of Apple CEO in 1983 by famously saying "Do you want to spend the rest of your life selling sugared water, or do you want a chance to change the world?" In early 1984, Jobs unveiled the Macintosh. Unfortunately, the Macintosh's high price made it a hard sell. In 1985, Bill Gates' company then-fledgling company, Microsoft, announced that they would be making their own OS, Windows. IBM's Windows based PCs began to outsell the Macintosh and taking Apple's market share. Sculley and Jobs clashed, Jobs wanting Apple computers to be only compatible with Apple accessories and to try and compete with IBM in the business market, while Sculley wanted open, upgradeable computers that would be marketed at education, small businesses, and homes. This difference in opinions would eventually cause Jobs to leave Apple on September 17, 1985. He founded his own company. NeXT, which produced powerful machines such as the NeXT workstation. As a matter of fact, the NeXT workstation was so powerful, that the internet was invented on it, at the CERN supercollider. It's $9,999 price tag did, however, limit its market. The NeXTcube, a second generation NeXT computer, was released in 1990. It had an email system capable of sharing audio, video, and images, the first to do so. The NeXTcube was obsessively designed, however, with Jobs demanding a magnesium case, and not a perfect cube shape, as a perfect cube doesn't look cubic to the human mind. This put strain on NeXT and in 1993, they became a software development company only. They developed WebObjects, a web app dev tool. NeXT was acquired by Apple 1997, and WebObjects was used to make the Apple Store and iTunes. After the acquisition, Jobs quickly became the CEO of Apple. Jobs oversaw the development of the iMac, which sold immensely well, due to its internet capabilities and USB ports. Apple released the iPod in 2001, and with it iTunes and the iTunes store. In 2007, Apple released the Earth shattering iPhone. On October 5, 2011, Jobs passed away from pancreatic cancer in his Palo Alto home.