What happened? On November 29, 1864, seven hundred members of the Colorado Territory militia embarked on an attack of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian villages. The militia was led by U.S. Army Col. John Chivington, a Methodist preacher, as well as a freemason. After a night of heavy drinking by the soldiers, Chivington ordered the massacre of the Indians. Over two-thirds of the slaughtered were women and children. This atrocity has been known as the Sand Creek Massacre ever since.
Chief Black kettle: Chief Black Kettle was the leader/ head of the Cheyenne Indians. He was born around 1807 in the dakotas. He demonstrated his commitment to peace by participating in several councils before the sand creek massacre. He still continued to strive for peace even after the sand creek massacre where his wife was sevearly wounded and many of his tribe members were killed
What is the difference between a massacre and a battle? There are many differences between a battle and a massacre. A battle is a sustained fight between large, organized armed forces. A massacre is an indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people
How many casualties? United States: 24 killed, 52 wounded
Indians: 70 – 163 killed
More about John Chivington: He was born January 27th, 1821, in Lebanon Ohio. He died October 4th, 1894 at age 73. After Chivington and his men defeated the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians they took scalps and other body parts as battle trophies.
Cool/ fun facts!! There were 750 native Americans mostly women and children. 100 of them ran a mile up a creek bed and dug holes in the mud to hide. 15 of them were able to get on horses and the rest of them were chased on foot for 10 miles by soldiers on horses.