How war affects children Eleanor Lapin

Learning information through multiple perspectives can open up your mind to more ideas and help you to understand the topic more thoroughly. It gives people the power to chose what perspective they want to have about the topic. With only one perspective you have to follow that perspective and you could become close minded on the topic. It only allows you to see one opinion out of many. Through multiple perspectives you can see how other people feel about the provided information, and how the facts can be viewed from different points of view.

A SEPARATE PEACE : BY JOHN KNOWLES

A Separate Peace by John Knowles has many perspectives in it from the different opinions, and all of the opinions are from children. They explain how their lives have changed from the war. Knowles demonstrates the perspectives of school boys during World War 2 and how the war affected them. The author uses the perspectives from boys who were still in school and afraid of being drafted, but then he included a boy who was actually drafted in war and how that impacted him. He explains the conflicts that each boy went through because of the war. That is a very brief overview of A Separate Peace.

Although war can affect adults, it can also very negatively affect children by having them as soldiers, prisoners and taking away their families as well as their homes. The children lose their chance for a normal childhood. For example Leper from A Separate Peace was drafted as a teenage soldier while he was still in school and he ended up deserting his position in the war and going mentally ill from the stress of leaving the combat zone.
During war children were separated from their family. Their parents,siblings, cousins. Sometimes children would be there to see their families taken away from them or even killed. Children were taken away from their homes and became soldiers or were taken away as prisoners. Also, if their home area was unsafe the children were evacuated and forced to move somewhere else. Children could not look back to having a nice home or playing games with their families. What they got instead was being able to look back at the memory of having no family and no home.
Different children were involved in war in different ways. It depended on age, sex, and religion was a key point. If a child was just older than eight they could join the army. Most of the time the girls did not get to fight, they were mostly nurses, which is still a big part of war. And then with religion, Jewish children were not soldiers, they were prisoners. Not all children were impacted the same way, but all children were impacted. That is how children were involved in war in different ways and the factors that determined their involvement.

In this video Brenda Ashford explains to the viewers what her childhood was like with the war going on right around her. She talks about how her life on the farm was largely impacted by the war but she still managed to enjoy her youth years. (start video at 29 seconds end at 1:01)

ANNE FRANK

Anne Frank was a Jewish teenager during World War 2. She lived in Amsterdam with her parents and sister. Then the Nazi's took over her homeland, and her life was largely impacted. Her family was forced to go into hiding because of her religion for 2 years in a small attic. Then the Nazi's caught her and her family and forced them into concentration camps. There at the camps she died at age 15, just 2 weeks before the war ended. As you can see Anne Franks life was largely impacted by war.

MALALA YOUSAFZAI

Malala Yousafzai is a teenager who did live in Pakistan (a violent place with war). She is a women's rights activist. The Taliban, who don't believe that women have equal rights as men when Malala was on the bus ride back from school was shot in her head by the Taliban because she was fighting against them. She had to go to the hospital and get emergency treatment. Her family moved to England because Malala's life was in jeopardy, but she still fights for women to have equal rights. That is how Malala's life was largely changed by war.
Geography is is a large factor of how war affects children. Depending on where they live children are impacted differently. For example in Africa children are being kidnapped and turned into child soldiers. In Pakistan the children are mostly being killed, but a few are becoming soldiers. And in Syria the children have to evacuate their homes and they are becoming refugees. It depends on the government system of the location of war. That is how geography has a roll in how war affects children.

In this video a boy who lives in Syria explains the impact that war has had on his life and how it changed everything for him. (start video at 45 seconds end at 1:10)

Religion is also another factor of how war affects children. Back during World War 2 pretty much all other religions besides christian and catholic were disliked by the Nazi's and were killed or taken to the concentration camps if they were found. In current days there are still conflicts that are provoked by different religions and people who don't like or agree with what a religion believes in. That is how religion is also a role in how war affects children.
How parents get affected during war definitely impacted how their child is going to be affected. If a parent gets sent to a concentration camp, their child will go their with them. Or if the parent got sick or died how do you think the child will do in surviving. Parents were and still are a huge impact of how their child survives in life and a lot more during war when there is so much conflict with little food, shelter and health care. Parents are a key part of how and how long children survived during war. With parents children have a small chance of surviving war, how small do you think that their chance of survival is without any parents?

CONNECTION BACK TO THE BOOK

The book A Separate Peace is about school boys and how they lived during World War 2. A Separate Peace motivated this entire project because it's hard to think that there were and still are children that live in places that has a war going on in it. So, in this project it goes in more depth about how war really affected children. A Separate Peace talks about a few specific children and how war affected them, but on this page it talks about how how war affects children in completely different countries and different time periods. With this presentation you see how there are the perspectives of different children from the videos, but also an older women who was a girl during war. That is how A Separate Peace relates back to the main idea of this project, how war affects children.

As you can see war can completely change a child's life and not for the better. Children because of war lose the chance for a normal childhood. Although the image of the African children is a painting there are actual children in Africa right now who are 7 and 9 who are holding guns and who are soldiers, while 7 and 9 year olds in New Canaan are going to school . These children have lost the chance to have an education, to be with their families, to be able to think about a childhood with a steady home and playing with friends. Think about if you lived in Syria, Pakistan, Africa or other places in the world right now you could be a refugee, a soldier or have been shot in the head. That's not the childhood you want to have, but that is what other children have or had. That is how war has negatively impacted children.

Works Cited

Barbara, Joanna Santa. "Impact of War on Children and Imperative to End War." Croatian Medical Journal. Croatian Medical Schools, 22 Nov. 2006. Web. 05 Jan. 2017. The author is credible because the website's URL is .gov and the author has written many other pieces. The information is mostly facts no opinions on the topic and the research is related to my topic about children in war it is just about newer era of the topic. The purpose of the website was to inform people about the topic and there are no ads in it the information is organized in paragraphs.

CNN. "Escaped Child Soldier Describes Life." YouTube. YouTube, 24 July 2012. Web. 17 Jan. 2017. This video was posted on youtube by CNN which is a very credible news source. The video is about a boy who was an african soldier but he escaped and he now explains his story and how the war affected his life. The purpose of the video is to inform people about how this boy was affected by war, but also to make you realize that there are many other children just like him.

Gibson, Ryan. "Home." World War 2. N.p., 24 June 2013. Web. 06 Jan. 2017. The author is credible because they have written other pieces on the website and the URL is .org The information is all facts the author put none of their opinions in the piece. It is just about the topic. The purpose of the website was to inform people about children during world war two. It was organized in paragraphs with one ad in it.

HodderBooks. "Norland Nanny, Brenda Ashford Talks about Her Experiences in WWII." YouTube. YouTube, 07 June 2012. Web. 17 Jan. 2017. This video was posted on youtube by a group of people who make videos telling people information about books and authors. The context of the video is a woman explaining how she was a child during World War 2 and how the war affected her life. The purpose of the video was to inform people about the life of Brenda Ashford and how the was affected her childhood.

"Infobase Learning - Login." Infobase Learning - Login. American History (Infobase), n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2017. Since it is a database and it was on the Saxe website it is definitely a credible source for me to use. The information is about the different children and how they were affected by the war. For example they talk about Jewish and British kids.The purpose of the database was to inform people about children and how they got affected by war.

Kettler, Sara. "Malala Yousafzai." Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, 22 Nov. 2016. Web. 06 Jan. 2017. The author is credible because all the links work on the website and all the information is good. The information is about Malala and how she lives in a war zone and how she was shot. It is her story. The purpose of the article is to inform people about her story.

Mason, Amanda. "How Children's Lives Changed During The Second World War." Imperial War Museums. N.p., 6 Jan. 2017. Web. 06 Jan. 2017. The author is credible the URL is .org and the author has written other pieces that are also on the website. The information is all facts about how World War 2 affected children and their lives. The purpose of the article is to inform people about the topic which is children during world war 2.

N.p., n.d. Web. This picture is from a website that's URL is .com. The picture is of Malala Yousafzai who is a women’s right activist and is a very good example of being a child who was affected by war. The purpose of the picture is to show people what Malala Yousafzai looks like because she is such a big inspiration for girls and kids who were affected by war.

N.p., n.d. Web. This picture is from a website with a .com URL. The picture is of these very young children holding guns and dressed up as soldiers. The purpose of the picture is to inform people about how young children were that became included in the war. It really changes their perspective.

Stichting, Anne Frank. "Anne Frank Museum Amsterdam - the Official Anne Frank House Website." Anne Frank House. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2017. The website is a .org and it was made to share Anne Frank’s story. The context of the website is about Anne Frank’s life and her family and how it all changed because of war. The purpose of the website was to inform people about Anne Frank. It is very easy to see and it has no ads.

Syrian Kids Explain the War - BBC News. BBC, 2016. Political+cartoon+child+soldiers - Google Search. BBC, 15 Mar. 2016. Web. 12 Jan. 2017. The video was made and posted by BBC so I know that it is a credible source. The context of the video is children explaining how their lives were affected by the war in their homeland. The purpose of the video is to inform people on how war affects children.

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