Arthur Ashe was born in Richmond, Virginia on July 10, 1943. He was raised in Richmond, Virginia. His parents were Arthur Ashe Sr. and Mattie Cunningham. His mother Mattie died when Arthur has only six. He and his little brother Jonnie, who was five years younger, were then raised by their father. When Arthur was seven he became interested in tennis. Ronald Charity took interest in Arthur and ended up being his life long mentor and coach.
Author Ashe went to high school at Maggie L. Walker Governor's School in Richmond. UCLA offered him an education if he would play tennis for them. In 1965 he lead the team to the National Collegiate Athletic Association championship. He then got a degree in business administration.
In 1963, Ashe was the 1st African American player selected for the US Davis Cup Team. In 1968, he became the 1st African American male to win the US open, his 1st Grand Slam title. In 1970, he won the Australian Open, his 2nd Grand Slam title. In 1975, he won Wimbledon after beating Jimmy Edwards, earning his third Grand Slam title. In his retirement he was a commentator for ABC sports.
Arthur Ashe died from AIDS on February 6, 1993. He had contracted HIV from a blood transfusion when he had surgery. He left behind a great legacy. He was the first African American male to win a grand slam tournament. But after gaining fame for his tennis success, he became known as a great humanitarian and active social rights leader. He founded the African American Athletic Association (AAAA), which mentored student athletes. He changed the sport of tennis by breaking a racial barrier. Ashe made lasting contributions to African Americans through the AAAA and by founding two education centers that are still open today- one in Richmond and the other in Philadelphia.
Geography of Richmond, Virginia
The average temperature in Richmond in 1950 was 58.75 degrees fahrenheit. The chief industries were the tobacco industry and Reynolds Metals. Richmond was the capital of the Confederacy during the Civil War. One of the world's first electric streetcar systems was in Richmond. Two presidents, Monroe and Tyler, were buried in Richmond at the famous Hollywood Cemetery. The population of Richmond in 1947 was 101,500. The most populated city in Virginia is Virginia beach.