Samurai Training and the "Warrior code"
How did one become a Samurai?
At age three, soon to be Samurai are given a wooden sword and was taught basic fencing skills. They they are given a real weapon, a mamorigatana sword for self-defence, between the ages of 5 and 7. A child had to be able to protect itself from surrounding dangers, family enemies, robbers and vagrants, with his father and male relatives providing early combat training. Then they were sent to Training, where they were taught physical and mental techniques, while handling real Samurai weapons.
What were they trained to do physically and mentally?
They were mentally trained for self control, so they can overcome emotions that might intervene with focusing on fighting. They also were taught to always be alert, even when you least expect an ambush. They were physically taught how to fence, shoot an arrow, and how to stay out of range from an opponent's sword, among others.
What is Bushido?
Bushido is the warrior code all Samurai lived by. It taught Samurai to be honest, loyal, and to be fearless in the face of death. They also valued loyalty and honor above their own lives.
Other values and ideals Samurai lived by
Samurai also respected and lived by Zen Buddhism, a type of Buddhism. Zen Bushido emphasized the power of nature and meditation, and it helped Samurai as it calmed them before a battle.
Seppuku was a ritual suicide made by Samurai in which they cut off their abdomen and bleed to death. This was usually done when their master died, or they had done disgraceful.