California Gold Rush Cinthya lopez

WHAT? James W Marshall and John Sutter

WHAT? California Gold Rush (when gold was found)

WHEN? 1848-1858

WHERE? Sutter's Mill near Coloma (American River)

WHY? James W Marshall discovered a gold nugget and that is when the want for gold started

Story: "We hired an ox team to carry our baggage & started for this place then called Hangtown, from the fact that three persons had been hung here for stealing & attempting to murder. Ten miles from the river we passed Sutters fort, an old looking heap of buildings surrounded by an high wall of unburnt brick, & situated in the midst of a pleasant fertile plain, covered with grass and a few scattering oaks, with numerous tame cattle & mules. We walked by the wagon & at night cooked our suppers, rolled our blankets around us & lay down to rest on the ground, with nothing but the broad canopy of the heavens over us & slept soundly without fear or molestation. After leaving the plains we passed over some hills that looked dry & barren being burnt up by the sun & the long droughts that we have here. We reached this place at night on the fourth day, & in the morning found ourselves in the midst of the diggings, being surrounded by holes dug.

We pitched our tents, shouldered our picks & shovels & with pan in hand sallied forth to try our fortunes at gold digging.

We did not have very good success being green at mining, but by practice & observation we soon improved some, & found a little of the shining metal. "Getting the Gold

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