Plato

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Anthropological Dualism

Human beings are compound by two aspect, which their life involves every single aspect of their behavior and also the way they are going to connect to the World of Ideas.

Idea of Dualism comes from two structures that constitute a human. Those are: The Body and the Soul.

The Body: Mortal / Divine part of humans / Created before body / It does not change.
The Soul: Immortal / Mutable part of humans / Receives life from the soul / Ignorance.

Parts of the soul

Intellectual

Is the superior part of the three solus, it is in the head; is the one in charge to keep in balance and to control the parts. Is the one who is apart of the feelings, is the nucleus of the thoughts and the wills. Its immoral, its virtue is the prudence.

Irascible

We have it in our hearts, his first priority is to dominate the value. It is on the middle of both souls, a good conduct takes to the intellectual soul, but a bad conduct takes to the desirous soul. Is with the body so this is mortal. His virtues is the force, the honor and courage.

Desirous

Is the one that fulfil all the basic needs. It is joined to the body so it is mortal. In there it exist the pleasures, appetites and sensible wishes. (Sex, food, fame, richness, etc)

Intellectual (Head), Irascible (Liver), Desirous (Stomach)

Platonic Ethic

Punishment and Reward

Plato agrees with Socrates on that good knowledge guides us to good behaviour. Life will reward the fair one and will punish the mean one.

Looking for happiness

The objective of the human life is to achieve happiness and when they ask us what happiness means to us: we answer that pleasures: Plato says it is about gaining superior pleasures guided to the intellectual area. He understand that we aren’t just knowledge and that the pleasures have a doctrine of platonic happiness.

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