(Description) The Amazon Rain forest is the world's largest rain forest. It is home to at least 40,000 plant species, 427 mammals, 378 reptiles, at least 400 amphibians, and around 3,000 freshwater fish. With 6.9 million square kilometers (2.72 million square miles) it is the size of the United States, and covers 40% of South America. It holds the world's largest river by volume, the Amazon River. It has 1,243 tributaries, 17 of which are longer than 1,000 miles.
The Gigantic Size of the Amazon Rainforest
A Piranha Family swimming in the Amazon River
Deforestation Becoming "Reforestation"
(Problem and Solution): Deforestation is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rain forests. To solve this people have been protecting the Amazon. Deforestation in the Amazon rain forest has been declining since 2004, mostly due to the falling deforestation rate in Brazil. This problem has been solved due to some of these reasons: new protected areas and indigenous territories, improved law enforcement, deforestation monitoring via satellite, pressure from environmental groups, and private sector initiatives.
Amazon Rainforest Pink Bottle-nose Dolphin
Amazon Rainforest: How It Began!
(Sequence): The Amazon Rain forest was originally a savanna and a farmland where there were many farmers who used the land for agriculture, until there was a climate change and it became more wet and humid. All the farmers died of a mysterious disease when settlers came, but they died too. Then, trees started to grow and wildlife came. Soon, all the rain water created a trench, which we know as the Amazon River. Trees became more, and more common and it rained more and more. Now it is what we call the Amazon Rainforest
Two monkeys playing in the Amazon Treetops
A Wild Toucan High in the Treetops of The Amazon Rainforest.
(Cause and Effect): The Amazon Rainforest is wet due to it's climate. Because it has a wet, humid environment, it is wet. Animals also like it there because it is hot, and there is plenty of food for all of them. There is alot of fruit and prey, so this makes animals want to stay there. Due to the environment, the Amazon Rainforest is a great place for animals to live.
A Jaguar awaits his prey on the forest floor.
How are Rainforests and Woods Alike and Different?
(Compare And Contrast) Like forests, woods are also areas in the wild, but they are much smaller. In a forest, natural sunlight barely comes through the canopy of trees, whereas sunlight is abundant in a wood. A wood has a dense growth of trees that is typically larger than a grove but smaller than a forest. Woods also have different wildlife than Rainforests
A Basilisk Lizard Running on Water
Fun Fact About Basilisk Liazards
The basilisk lizard is also called a plumed or double-crested basilisk; but its amazing ability to run on water gives this species its most recognizable moniker: the Jesus lizard. Abundant in the tropical rain forests of Central America, from southern Mexico to Panama, green basilisks spend much of their time in the trees and are never far from a body of water. When threatened, they can drop from a tree into the water and sprint, upright, about 5 feet (1.5 meters) per second across the surface. To accomplish this, they have long toes on their rear feet with fringes of skin that unfurl in the water, increasing surface area. As they rapidly churn their legs, they slap their splayed feet hard against the water, creating a tiny air pocket that keeps them from sinking, provided they maintain their speed. They can move along the surface like this for 15 feet (4.5 meters) or more. When gravity eventually does take over, the basilisk resorts to its excellent swimming skills to continue its flight.