In the book Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, the kids on the island lose their child-like innocence over time. The savagery that takes over civilized children has them question their morals. When the littleuns mention the possibilty of a beast lurking in the shadows, the bigger kids make fun of this ridiculous imaginary item; however, with enough talk, the older kids start to really consider the possibilty that there is a scary being watching them. For example, Piggy, a rather philosphical character, suggests, "Maybe there is a beast...maybe it's only us." The boys start to fear this mysterious being and adapt to the puzzling feeling. Some boys, such as Ralph, look to civilization as a way of keeping this orderly innocence they landed on the island with. Although, other children on the island, such as Jack, choose to turn back to a hunter-gatherer mindset that has always existed within every human being. Jack starts to seperate himself from the idea of being rescued and convinces a group of adherents to live off of the idea of hunting and killing pigs. This very similar to the book Impulse, written by Ellen Hopkins, where an example of innocence being lost is found within the stories of the main 3 characters. These characters are Vanessa, Conner, and Tony. These three children have been admitted to a mental institute in the desert ridden Aspen Springs. Vanessa, Conner, and Tony all understand that in order to survive in such a place, they need to shed their childhood innocence. For example, Vanessa and Tony often get by their troubles with self-inflicted pain. Throughout the book we hear things such as, "One cut or more? That's the first thought to grab hold of my brain and give it a rattle. Was this charming little thing into self-mutilation, or shopping for a coffin." Self-inflicted pain is something they describe as an escape from the child-like innocence adults try to oppress on them.