Islam History

Origin of Islam: Islam originated in Mecca (Saudi Arabia present) in the 7th century. Islam is the religion of Muslims, a monotheistic faith that is regarded to Muhammad as the prophet of Allah. Christianity was from the Jewish tradtion, Islam developed from both Christianity and Judaism.

Major beliefs: Quar'an is the holy book for muslims, which regards to the prohpet of Muhammad. A mosque is a place of worship, the Arabic name "masjid" means "place of prostration". A religious leader was Muhammad the prophet of Allah who disappeared in 941 AD.

Sects of Religion: Islam has two different branches Sunni and Shia. The Sunni make up almost 90% of Muslims, and the Shia make up 10% of Muslims. Shia believe that the leader should be a descendant of Muhammad and the Sunni believe that the a leader should be elected. The Iman is an Islamic theology that believer's have faith in the metaphysical aspects of Islam. Sunni see it as a figurative holy word, and the Shia believe every word from the Iman.

Muharram: Marks the beginning of the new year celebrating the year Muhammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina (A.D. July 16, 622). Holiday is celebrated with prayers and reflection.

Mawlid al-Nabi: Celebrates the birthday of Muhammad, is celebrated the 12th month of the Islamic year.

Eid al-Fitr: The festival celebrated in conclusion to Ramadan the month of fasting.

Ramadan: A month where all Muslims fast from sunrise to sun set Eid al-Adha: The celebration of the end of the Islamic year

Eid al-Adha: The celebration of the end of the Islamic year

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