THE ERUDITE FACTION ~ THE BRAINS
The Erudite faction values intelligence. They do their part to increase tech, medical aid, science and research. The leader of the Faction is Ms. Jennine Matthews, and was promoted so by her amazing IQ.
THE DAUNTLESS FACTION ~ THE DEFENDERS
The Dauntless faction values in "random acts of courage." Like our US army, they use their extremely well built skills in hand to hand combat, weaponry and of course, courage to protect the other factions. The leader being Eric and others, lie the most brutal of the other factions.
THE AMITY FACTION ~ THE PEACEFUL FARMERS
The Amity faction values peace. They don't rely on fighting for survival, rather they farm their crops, and what they have, they share with the other factions. A passive people, they climb trees, farm, love a live in unity. Leader unknown until the next book.
THE ABNEGATION FACTION ~ THE CHARITABLE
The Abnegation value selflessness. Where Beatrice is from, this faction gives cloths, food and basic needs for survival to the factionless. That's about it. The leaders are Marcus and Beatrice's father.
THE CANDOR FACTION ~ THE JUDGE, THE JURY & THE VERDICT
The Candor faction values honesty, only seeing the truth in black or white. Which is why, logic says its smart to give them jobs like Judges and lawyers, because they are occupations that involve, and can only work if honesty is shown. Leader is unknown.