Learning english Easy english for everyone

The tense system

As in all languages english is divided into different tenses, in english we have 12 tenses:

  • Simple: Present, past and future
  • Continuous: Present, past and future
  • Perfect: Present, past and future
  • Perfect continuous: Present, past and future
  • Taking into account the future time using going to, we could count even 13 tenses

Each of the tenses refers to different points in a timeline:

The yellow dots within the infograph refer to those tenses that happened at a given time, those at the end of a gray box refer to those that started and ended in a given range of time, and those that are in the half of a gray box refer to those that started in a certain time and still do not end.

The most important part of a sentence is the verb; verbs in english have diferents forms depending on the tense we are using (infinitive, past simple and past participle). There are regular and irregular verbs; the regular verbs are the ones ending with -ed.

The irregular verbs most be memorized; here we have some of them:

If you wanna practice, you can visit this website: http://www.english-4u.de/tenses_exercises.html

Vocabulary.
Modals

We use modals to show how probable something is, we also use them when talking about ability, asking permission making requests and offers.

We can divide the modals into different groups, like this:

Probability:

First, they can be used when we want to say how sure we are that something happened / is happening / will happen. We often call these 'modals of deduction' or 'speculation' or 'certainty' or 'probability'.

Ability

We use 'can' and 'could' to talk about a skill or ability.

Obligation and Advice

We can use verbs such as 'must' or 'should' to say when something is necessary or unnecessary, or to give advice.

Permission

We can use verbs such as 'can', 'could' and 'may' to ask for and give permission.

Habits

We can use 'will' and 'would' to talk about habits.

Past modals

The past modals are 'could have + past participle', 'should have + past participle' and 'would have + past participle'

Vocabulary.
Quantifiers

A quantifier is a word or phrase which is used before a noun to indicate the amount or quantity:

'Some', 'many', 'a lot of' and 'a few' are examples of quantifiers.

To know what quantifier to use it is necessary to know if it is something that can be counted or not. To make this easier, remember that those things that normally have to be measured in glasses, cups or other measures are usually not countable, such as water and rice

Difference between -ing and -ed adjectives

The main thing to remember is this:

  • adjectives with –ing are the cause of the feeling/situation and
  • adjectives with –ed are the feelings of the person/animal affected

For example:

  • "This is a boring movie." (cause)
  • "I'm very bored." (feeling)
Vocabulary.
Phrasal verbs

Phrasal verbs are phrases consisting of verb + adverb or verb + preposition, with different meaning to the verb itself.

There are many phrasal verbs that you must memorize.

Here we have a list of some of them:

Pay attention to the meaning and the structure, sometimes it may have sthg (something) or smbd (somebody) between the two parts of the phrasal verb.

Experiences
Reflections

Daniel:

This semester was very enriching, the topics we saw, despite having seen them before were investigated more thoroughly.

I liked that in the classes we had many activities and it was always very dynamic

Illiana:

In this semester, the English class was pretty innovative and rich in subjects that, despite having seen them already, help me to improve my comprehension of the language. The class was entertaining in the way it was taught and it helped us improve our grammar and pronunciation. The dynamics of the class were different every day and I liked that.

karla

in the semester we did a lot of interesting and funny things like the walla-me and the proyects of the famous character, also we learn a lot of stuff, and improve a lot of skills, like grammar and pronutiation. the classes where interesting, and i also like the games we made, because it help us to learn more, and improve our skills.

Created By
Daniel Tsarú García Chongo
Appreciate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.