What is the NSC-68?
The NSC-68 is the National Security Council Paper Number 68. Report was a group effort, created with input from the Defense Department, the State Department, the CIA, and other interested agencies. The NSC-68 formed the basis for Americas Cold War policy for the next 20 years.
- It was a top secret report completed by the United States Department of State's Policy Planning Staff on April 7, 1950.
- The NSC-68 outlined a variety of possible courses of action, including return to isolationism and war.
- The United States was trying to prevent communism in the U.S.
- Events of 1949 made foreign policy our nations top priority. NATO became a working alliance, U.S provided military-assistance to Europe and the USSR detonated an atomic bomb.
- Truman Administration tripled defense spending
- Energized and mobilized America by pulling from all sources
- It economically required big spending and investing
- The aim was to force "situations of strength" and create enormous power so that the Soviets could be pushed back without firing a single shot
National Security Council meeting
"The 58-page memorandum is among the most influential documents composed by the U.S. Government during the Cold War..." -Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs
United States Department of State
The document is critical to the understanding of the Cold War, it's legacy on similar national security documents, such as the National Security Strategy, also provides insight on current U.S foreign policy.