Oath of the horatii- Louis David (1784)
this painting depicts 3 men, who are brothers, saluting towards 3 swords held up by their father while women behind him grieve. the story/ idea of the painting comes from a roman legend where there is a conflict between the romans and a group from alba. in order to settle their dispute in combat, they elected the horatti brothers to show their oath to protect rome.
La Grande odalisque- dominique ingres (1814)
it laid the foundation for romanticism, which shows emotive expressiveness and sensuality. the figure is not set in a classical setting and instead exudes a cool aloof eroticism shown by its exotic context. it is controversial because the subject of the painting was a female nude that wasn't a goddess and was also thought to be in a harem.
Under the Wave off Kanagawa- Katsushika Hokusai (1832)
it is considered to be one of the most iconic works of japanese art in the art world, under the wave off kanagawa is seen as a great business investment since it is easily mass-produced and sold at cheap prices. it depicts a sacred mountain to the japanese that many admire.
The Stone Breakers- Gustave Courbet (1850)
the artwork shows two workers, one young, one old, and presents both a realist snapshot of everyday life and an allegory to the nature of poverty. more attention is given to their dirty, worn work clothes, their strong, weathered hands, and their relationship to the land than to their recognizability.
The Scream- Edvard Munch (1893)
"I was walking along the road with two friends—the sun went down—I felt a gust of melancholy—suddenly the sky turned a bloody red. I stopped, leaned against the railing, tired to death—as the flaming skies hung like blood and sword over the blue-black fjord and the city—My friends went on—I stood there trembling with anxiety—and I felt a vast infinite scream [tear] through nature." (Munch)
Cafe Terrace At Night- Van gogh (1888)
it was one of the first scenes van gogh painted during his stay in arles, france and also is the first painting where he used a nocturnal background. by using contrasting colors and tones, he achieved a vibrant surface that pulsates with an interior light, in defiance of the night sky. the brushstrokes imbue the image with a spiritual and psychological tone that echoed his individual and personal reaction and excitement while passionately painting.
Hiapo- niue (1850-1900)
tapa traditions were regionally unique and historically widespread throughout the polynesian islands. eastern polynesia did not experience a continuous tradition of tapa production, however, the art form is still produced today, particularly in the hawaiian and the marquesas islands.
Reliquary figure (byeri)- Fang peoples (1800- 1900)
it was created to honor clan heads, special warriors, craftsmen, women who had given birth many times, or people of other important or high status, and was believed to protect from evil and bring good luck. the belly button and genitals are emphasized, displaying the life of the figure, which contrasts with the figure's use to guard the dead. the figure is also in a prayerful stance and looks somber, emphasizing death.