Impressionism "FOR AN IMPRESSIONIST TO PAINT FROM NATURE IS NOT TO PAINT THE SUBJECT, BUT TO REALIZE SENSATIONS"(P.C.)

"Impressionism can be considered the first distinctly modern movement in painting. Developing in Paris in the 1860s, its influence spread throughout Europe and eventually the United States. Its originators were artists who rejected the official, government-sanctioned exhibitions, or salons, and were consequently shunned by powerful academic art institutions"

Three cultural events that influenced the work of artists, musicians and writers were: (1) The bold movement of unconventional artistry with critical composers of the Impressionist style (2) The focus of light, color & loose brush work (3) The expression of sensation and feeling rather than detail of subject matter

Very well known artist of the Impressionism era were: Claude Monet, Debussy, John Ireland, Gabriel Pierne, Maurice Ravel, and more.

For previous eras to the Impressionism time, art work was more about fine detail, more time spent, and focusing on the subject matter of the image. Although, this was the way for so many years and for many artist, Impressionist wanted to express the sensational feeling of the image, rather than honing in on major detail. This became a hot topic between previous artist as they felt that Impressionist were just being lazy or not putting the extensive time into artistry work as them. Below is an example of a Romanticism painting and an Impressionism painting- notice the difference.

Impressionism-"The Starry Night"
Realism

Color and lighting was a big motive in the Impressionism era rather than detail of the subject. Artist wanted viewers to feel and see the true sensation of the art rather than focusing on how is was designed. Below is an example of the difference in lighting and color of the Impressionism era compared to the previous era

Impressionist artist - Iris Scott

Musical compositions of the Impressionist era focused on harmony and instruments such as the organ and piano. As far as the artwork, Impressionist composers created songs with titles that centered around nature, which motivated the music to be soothing, relaxing such as their paintings. Such song titles were: "Reflections on the Water", "The Snow is Dancing" and "Sounds and perfumes swirl in the evening air". Below are some examples of songs.

This is a literature piece written by Joseph Conrad called, "Heart of Darkness". Here is an example of an artist of the Impressionism era and writing about the color surrounding him and the sensation of what was being felt in the moment. Its not very specific on great detail but rather in the moment of what was being felt and seen.

“I saw a face amongst the leaves on the level with my own, looking at me very fierce and steady; and then suddenly, as though a veil had been removed from my eyes, I made out, deep in the tangled gloom, naked breasts, arms, legs, glaring eyes – the bush was swarming with human limbs in movement, glistening, of bronze colour. The twigs shook, swayed, and rustled, the arrows flew out of them, and then the shutter came to.”(JOSEPH CONRAD)

Realism was the previous era of Impressionism which focused more on what the subject matter was in the artistry rather than how it was painted. The challenge with these two eras was the focus of detail (realism) and the feeling of moment (impressionism) In regards to musical composers, Realism was more real in describing the exact situation of something or a real life event as Impressionism dwelt on the surrounding and description of the area. Types of Realism music was composed of classical and real situations. Impressionism was composed of nature and exaggeration of feeling and emotion.

"Stars and Stripes Forever" by Sousa Band (1901) lyrics described the truth of the freedom in America. ( Hurrah for the flag of the free. May it wave as our standard forever. The gem of the land and the sea.The banner of the right. Let depots remember the day. When our fathers with mighty endeavor, Proclaimed as they marched to the fray, that by their might and by their right, it waves forever)

Stars & Stripes Forever lyrics

Post Impressionism followed after the period of Impressionism which differed in ways such as: focusing more on "symbolic content, order and structure" Post Impressionism rejected the idea of Impressionism being laid out and driven by the natural free lance approach. It seems as though Impressionism really stood out between eras before and after them, as either didn't approve of the style of Impressionism. In regards to laying the foundation for Post-Impressionism, Impressionism did so by their vivid use of color which was a lighter brushwork, Post Impressionism, still used that same concept of striking color but with a bit more intensity of darker colors which Impressionism geared away from. Post Impressionism was a bit more focused on the true situation of something and the emotions that came with it rather than just nature surrounding them.

The Card Players by Paul Cezanne

Paul Cezanne wanted to capture peasants of this era who were notoriously known for smoking their pipes and playing cards. If this was an Impressionist painting it was focus more on the nature surrounding them rather than the main focus being the people themselves.

The three compelling things that I have learned thus far regarding the Impressionist era is:

1) The bold move that artist of this era took even through the critical times when it felt as so many people were against them and their style. I believe that all art is a work of art whether you agree or not it, thats opinion. Claude Monet had to be my favorite artist that I have learned about because he painting some very beautiful and captivating images, although its not a typical vivid and detailed design that myself and others have thought of art being. His motivation behind his artistry was the world around him, everyday life, etc. and he chose to capture that and go with it regardless of critics and opinions.

2) I liked how this era also embodied the idea of color and light as the focus to create an image of what was in the moment. Just painting something in the moment is more captivating and meaningful rather than detailed and structured hours of time into something. Im more of an impulsive personality type person so that may be why (hehe)

3) Lastly, I could relate to how "critics" in the time of Impressionism were like "non Christians" are to Christians today. For years before myself and years later, people will continue to criticize, judge and laugh at the idea of their being a God or that I'm crazy to believe in him, but to me Impressionist were the same. The era before and after both were very rejecting and against the idea of their views, but it didn't stop them. A great quote that I really liked from Claude Monet, "Everyone discusses my art and pretends to understand, as if it was necessary to understand, when it is necessary to love".

Created By
Briana Wood
Appreciate

Credits:

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-impressionism.htm ......... http://www.artmovements.co.uk/impressionism.htm.............http://www.oxfordartonline.com/public/page/themes/impressionismandpostimpressionism

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