South Africa Leslie horton

South Africa Introduction

South Africa is one of the most geographically varied countries of the African continent, comprising territory that ranges from the rolling, fertile plains of the highveld and the wide open savanna of the Eastern Transvaal to the Kalahari desert and the peaks of the Drakensberg Mountains. While all of its diverse regions offer ample opportunities for adventure travel, the focus in South Africa--as in much of sub-Saharan Africa--is the safari. In addition to possessing two of the world's most renowned wildlife reserves, the Kruger and the Kalahari Gemsbok National Parks, the country contains over a dozen smaller regional parks and reserves. In addition, with its excellent road and rail systems, its abundance of top-rated accommodations, and its bountiful farmlands and vineyards, South Africa allows visitors ample opportunity for more luxurious comfort along with adventuresome excitement.

Location

The geographic theme of location is defined as a particular place or position. There are two types of location, absolute which means the exact coordinates of a place, or relative which means somewhere around or close to just not exact. For example, South Africa's relative location is simple, south of Africa.

Pretoria- 25.7479 South and 28.2293 East

Pretoria (One of South Africa's Capitals)

Cape Town- 33.9249 South and 18.4241 East

Cape Town

Bloemfontein- 29.0852 South and 26.1596 East

A park in Bloemfontein

South Africa is located on the continent Africa

The continent Africa

Some interesting landforms include Table Mountain which is a flat topped peak forming a prominent landmark overlooking Cape Town.

Table Mountain

Kalahari Desert is another interesting landform in South Africa. It is part of a huge sand basin that reaches from Orange River up to Angola.

Kalahari Desert

Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe, all border South Africa.

South Africa's borderedCountries

Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean are bodies of water that are around South Africa.

Bodies of water around South Africa

Place

Place refers to the physical and human aspects of a location.

Africa has a large quantity of natural resources, including diamonds, salt, gold, iron, cobalt, uranium, copper, bauxite, silver, petroleum and cocoa beans, but also woods and tropical fruits.

Diamonds
Gold coins
Iron
Copper pennies
Cocoa beans

Some of the many cultural groups are Afrikaners, Xhosa People, Coloureds, Zulu, Bantu, Swazi.

Zulu women
Bantu dancers

The religions that are practiced are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Baha'i faith, Judaism.

A cross that symbolizes Christianity
A book based off the religion Islam
A man reading a book on the religion Judaism

Secular celebrations and public holidays are much more numerous than religious celebrations. 16th of December, which commemorates the victory of eight hundred Afrikaner settlers and their black servants over four thousand Zulu at the Battle of Blood River in 1838, is now celebrated as Reconciliation Day. Holidays commemorating significant events in the black struggle for political liberation include Human Rights Day, marking the shooting to death of sixty-one black pass-law protesters by the police in Sharpeville on 21 March 1961, and Youth Day, recalling the beginning of the Soweto uprising, when police opened fire on black schoolchildren protesting the use of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction in township schools on 16 June 1976.

Battle of the blood river
Soldiers playing for the human rights day
Children celebrating youth day

South Africa has two types of government. Constitutional republic and parliamentary republic. Their legal system is based on Roman-Dutch law, The 1993 and later constitutions limits the president's time in office to two five-year terms, In South Africa we use a PR system to vote for parliament and provincial legislatures. Parliament has 400 seats and each of the nine provincial legislatures has between 30 and 90 seats depending on the number of people who live in the province.

Human- Environment Interaction

The primary crops in South Africa include grains, sugar, fruits, potatoes, tomatoes, cotton, tobacco and tea.

Cotton
Tomatoes
Potatoes

Some jobs that are found in the country are Marketers, Teachers, Internships , Language speakers.

Teacher
Language translator
Internship meeting

Blue crane, black rhino, white rhino, vultures, African wild dog, Pygmy blue whale, cheetah, African penguin, African elephant are all endangered species in Southern Africa. They are endangered because of their environment changing due to what people are doing as far as deforestation and desertification, and some are being hunted or killed or food.

Blue crane
Cheetah
Vultures

Some environmental issues that affect Southern Africa are: water pollution, air pollution, land degradation, solid waste pollution, and deforestation. There have been groups that try to help clean the water and try to limit factories so the water and air gets polluted but South Africa is dependent on their resources to get their country money that they forget they are damaging it as well.

Human environment interaction refers to the ways people change their environment and how the environment changes them..

Region

Education in South Africa is governed by two national departments, namely the department of Basic Education (DBE), which is responsible for primary and secondary schools, and the department of Higher Education and Training (DHET), which is responsible for tertiary education and vocational training. Prior to 2009, these two departments were represented in a single Department of Education.

School in South Africa
Higher education students
Students with their teacher

The current population in South Africa is 55,285,431 million. The population density in South Africa is 46 per Km2 (118 people per mi2).

The area of South Africa in square miles is 471,400 mi².

The GDP per capita in South Africa is 7593.36 as of 2015.

The life expectancy for males and females in South Africa is 56 years old.

The literacy rate in South Africa is 90%.

South Africa's climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the southwestern corner of South Africa to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast. A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights.

Region is an area on the planet that is composed of places with a unifying characteristic.

Movement

Chief exports include corn, diamonds, fruits, gold, metals and minerals, sugar, and wool. Machinery and transportation equipment make up more than one-third of the value of the country's imports. Other imports include chemicals, manufactured goods, and petroleum.

Corn
Diamond
Sugar
Wool

The flag of South Africa was adopted on 27 April 1994, at the beginning of South Africa's 1994 general election, to replace the flag that had been used since 1928. The new national flag, designed by the then State Herald of South Africa Frederick Brownell, was chosen to represent the country's new democracy after the end of Apartheid.At the time of its adoption, the South African flag was the only national flag in the world to comprise six colours in its primary design. Three of the colours – black, green and yellow – are found in the banners of the African National Congress, the Pan Africanist Congress and the Inkatha Freedom Party – and are thus said to represent the country’s black population. The other three – red, white and blue – are displayed on the old Dutch tricolour and the British Union flag and are said represent the country's white population. The green pall (the Y-shape) is commonly interpreted to mean the unification of the various ethnic groups and the moving forward into a new united South Africa. The design represents a converging of paths, the merging of both the past and the present.

South Africa flag

South Africa gained its independence from Great Britain in 1934, though the African National Congress, which was formed 22 years prior to South Africa gaining its independence, did not gain power until 1994.

Technology they use include computers, mobile phones, multimedia, software, games and apps.

Computer
Phone
Apps

Cars, trains, bikes, taxis, and airplanes are South Africa's transportation. And the popular communication is Email, blogs, texting, instant messaging, social networks, twitter and video conferencing.

Car
Train
Airplane
The Earth is full of movement and in a human-dominated planet, movement primarily refers to the translocation of human beings, their goods, and their ideas from one end of the planet to another.

Current Events

South African Police use Force to Disperse Anti-Immigration Protestors (February 24, 2017) South African police have used stun grenades, rubber bullets and water cannon to try to disperse anti-immigration protesters in the capital, Pretoria, and keep them from foreign nationals who had gathered to express alarm about recent attacks. A police official said 136 people had been arrested in the past 24 hours. Resentment against foreign nationals has sometimes turned deadly amid accusations that they take jobs from locals in a country where unemployment is more than 25%. Others are blamed for drug-dealing and other crimes.

In South Africa, Deadly Tuberculosis Strain Is Spread Directly (January 30, 2017) The deadliest strain of tuberculosis is XDR-TB, the “extensively drug-resistant” type, meaning that many antibiotics do not work against it. XDR-TB is rare but very lethal. Curing it takes up to two years, and the drugs prescribed can cause permanent deafness, nerve damage, vomiting and rashes. Between 50 percent and 80 percent of those who start treatment die.

Sunset in South Africa

TRAVEL BROCHURE

South Africa has many places for you to go and have a great time. There are many beaches and they have the perfect national park. We have animals that nobody else has. There are excellent resorts with kind service and just friendly people.

KRUGER NATIONAL PARK: Is in northeastern South Africa, is one of Africa’s largest game reserves. Its high density of wild animals includes the Big 5: lions, leopards, rhinos, elephants and buffalos. Hundreds of other mammals make their home here, as do diverse bird species such as vultures, eagles and storks. Mountains, bush plains and tropical forests are all part of the landscape.

Kruger national park birds

TABLE MOUNTAIN: Is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa. It is a significant tourist attraction, with many visitors using the cableway or hiking to the top.

Table mountain

ROBBEN ISLAND: Robben Island is famous, or rather infamous, as the holding place for the imprisoned Nelson Mandela. Mandela served 18 of his 27 years in prison incarcerated on the island’s prison, but Robben Island has also housed a hospital, mental institution, leper colony and military base during its rich history.

Robben Island

Apartheid Museum: Is a museum complex in Johannesburg, South Africa illustrating apartheid and the 20th century history of South Africa. The complex, owned by Gold Reef City Casino, was opened in November 2001.

Apartheid museum picture
Table Mountain

A day in the Life of a South African High School Resident

On a normal day for the fortunate children, they will wake in their own beds, have breakfast, get dressed for school and are driven to school by their parents or taken by public transport with their parents. When they get to school, they will meet up with all their friends. In their bags their mother, or whoever takes care of them, would have packed a prepared lunch to be eaten at school. They will not forget the most important thing to them—their cell phone.

On a normal day for the unfortunate children, they will wake up in a single bed that they share with all their brothers and sisters. They won’t have breakfast because there won’t be food in the house. They’ll get dressed for school and, if they have brothers or sisters, they probably have to take turns to wear school shoes. Now they will have to get to school and their parents won’t take them by car or public transport because they don’t have money to do that. The children will have to walk all the way to school and back. When they get to school, they get straight to work. They don’t come early because it takes long for them to walk to school.

South Africa pond with flowers

Credits:

Created with images by South African Tourism - "Table Mountain in the Mists - South Africa" • D-Stanley - "King Protea" • South African Tourism - "Jacaranda City, Tshwane, Pretoria, South Africa" • falco - "cape town south africa distant view" • marjaoudeegbrink - "south africa bloemfontein fountain" • WikiImages - "africa continent aerial view" • falco - "cape town south africa distant view" • stweyer - "desert namibia kalahari desert" • nathanh100 - "Map of Southern Africa, Undated" • nathanh100 - "Map of Southern Africa, Undated" • cocoparisienne - "elephant skin elephant african bush elephant" • TVZ Design - "Expensive Depth of Field" • PublicDomainPictures - "business cash coin" • JO-Design - "brass knuckles iron wrought" • Hans - "coins cent specie" • DFAT photo library - "Cocoa farmer David Kebu Jnr holding the finished product, dried cocoa beans ready for export." • Retlaw Snellac Photography - "south africa - zulu reed dance ceremony" • Vivadança Festival Internacional - "Bantu" • ilyessuti - "home black and white cross" • Iqbal Osman1 - "Islam" • 777jew - "old man prayer" • Robert Cutts (pandrcutts) - "Hector Pieterson" • US Army Africa - "MEDFLAG 2010, Opening Ceremony, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, September 2010" • Kyle Taylor, Dream It. Do It. - "11 - I Am Jumping" • kimberlykv - "Cotton Harvest" • karenandbrademerson - "Tomatoes" • JeepersMedia - "Red Potatoes" • jerrykimbrell10 - "smiling teacher female" • LoS, Traducción e Interpretación - "Estrenando cabina" • MDGovpics - "Summer Internship Program Closing Celebration and Final Presentations" • Ozzy Delaney - "Blue Crane" • PublicDomainPictures - "cheetah leopard animal" • Jon Mountjoy - "Vulture" • martie1swart - "Bougainvillea" • khym54 - "A Community Center Under Construction in Cork, South Africa" • NazarethCollege - "School Daze" • NazarethCollege - "Knowledge is Power" • vanderje - "dias point lighthouse cape point nature reserve" • seelensturm - "corn" • cygig - "diamond gem cubic zirconia" • Robert Brook - "Sugar" • Nostepinne - "Briar Thicket" • Kyknoord - "Flag this photo" • kaboompics - "laptop office work" • elcodigodebarras - "iphone smartphone phone" • Yasha Sekhavat - "iPhone App" • Unsplash - "bmw car rear" • tsushima2011 - "Train in Oblivion" • andrewmalone - "Airplane" • Clint Mason - "Sunrise at the Orange" • nealstrydom9 - "sunset sunset skies clouds" • aitchjae - "bird sparrow nest" • coda - "Table Mountain pano" • South African Tourism - "Robben Island - Cape Town, South Africa" • Nagarjun - "Strip search" • AjayGoel2011 - "R-G-B" • cocoparisienne - "water lily nuphar lutea aquatic plant"

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