Temperate rain forest biome New Zealand

Climate of the temperate rain forest in New Zealand

In summer, the average maximum temperature ranges between 68-86 degrees Fahrenheit and in the winter between 50-59 degrees Celsius. Minimum 48 degrees and maximum 86 degrees Fahrenheit .

The average rainfall is between 640 millimeters and 1500 millimeters throughout the year. The minimum is 300 mm and the maximum is 2100 mm of rainfall.

New Zealand has mild temperatures, moderately high rainfall, and many hours of sunshine. The northern outlying islands are subtropical, while those in the South are subantarctic. There are also 4 distinct seasons.

Net Primary Productivity

Compared to other biomes, the New Zealand temperate rain forests has moderately high rainfall, and a 5 to 6 month growing season. Their temperate rain forest has some of the contiguous areas of native vegetation and are 1 of 5 major temperate rainforests in the world. This biome is found in latitude and longitude coordinates of: -43.525650, 172.639847. The net primary productivity of the temperate rain forest is 6000 kilocalories per square miles/ per year. The approximate kilocalories per square meter per day is 16.

Soil Quality

The soil in the New Zealand temperate rainforest is very fertile since it is enriched with falling leaves, twigs, logs, and dead organisms. The soil has a 5 to 6 month growing season. Some forests were cut down and have been converted to agricultural regions.

Clematis Vitalba

Due to its viability, and climbing behavior, clematis vitalba is an invasive plant. In New Zealand, it is considered an "unwanted organism". It is a potential threat to native plants since it grows vigorously and forms a canopy which smothers all other plants and has no natural controlling organisms. It is unknown how the species arrived on native land.

Animals in New Zealand temperate rain forest

Kea

The Kea is a Nationally endangered species in New Zealand with only a few thousand birds remaining. The traits that the Kea developed for survival, have created conflict with humans over the last 150 years. Poaching and predation have sorely depleted their numbers. (O- overharvesting part in HIPPCO)

Kakapo

The Kakapo is one of New Zealand's unique treasures. The kakapo cannot fly, but are good at climbing trees in the temperate rainforest. The birds are herbivores and variety of foods such as roots, leaves, and fruit.

The Kokako

The kokako is the only member of it's family still surviving on it's mainland. The bird is not good at flying, and prefers to use its powerful legs to leap and run through the forest. They also protect large territories (8 hectares) by singing and chasing away invaders.

Powelliphanta snail

Powelliphanta snails are a native land snail, hidden in New Zealand's forests. They are more common to New Zealand's climate in the temperate rain forests because these snails are prone to dehydration. Rainfall is plentiful in New Zealand's temperate rain forests.

Plants in New Zealand's temperate rainforest

Cabbage Tree

Cabbage trees are one of the most widely cultivated New Zealand natives. Their strong root system helps stop soil erosion on steep slopes and because they tolerate wet soil, they are a useful species for planting along stream banks

Kauri

The Kauri tree live so long and their leaves are high in tannin, they modify the soil they live on, and create specialized habitats.

Flax

Flax bushes support a large community of animals, providing shelter and an abundant food resource. They are noted for their value in mixes for erosion control.

Credits:

Created with images by Tatters ❀ - "Rainforest orchid - wild" • WikimediaImages - "clematis vitalba old man's beard traveller's joy" • t3rmin4t0r - "Kea Madness" • Department of Conservation - "Sirocco in a tree" • Matt Binns - "Kokako" • SidPix - "Nature Pattern" • Mariamichelle - "queenstown new zealand cabbage tree" • Natalia Volna itravelNZ@ travel app - "Kauri" • PollyDot - "phormium tenax flax harakeke"

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