Constitution is a legal document based on principles to form a general concept on how our country runs. The Constitution creates concrete ideas for us to base our government on, it established national fundamental laws and guaranteed citizens basic rights. The Constitution was written on September 17, 1787 by delegates from every state.
Popular Sovereignty basically tells us that the citizens chooses the people in the government and who gets the chance to help run the country. It strongly relates to Representative Government, since the representative government is when we choose who represents the people
An example of popular sovereignty being used in the Constitution is in the Preamble. It states "We the People" in the opening line, meaning this document is made for and by us, we control and are the source of power
One of the U.S. Constitution's principles introduces having a limited government, this tells us how much power our government has. An important aspect of limited government is the Rule of Law, which basically explains that the government cannot be above the law.
An example of this being used in the Constitution is in Article 1, Section 9, Clause 7; this states that the government is limited on how much currency they distribute.
Another example of this principle being used in the Constitution is Article 1, Section 9, Clause 3; this says that no bill of Attainder or ex post factor law shall be passed.
SEPARATION of powers
The separation of powers gives each branch of government different responsibilities and jobs. By giving each branch certain responsibilities this prevents the misuse of power. the legislative branch has to enact laws. The executive branch has to carry out laws and negotiate foreign affairs and treaties, they also command the armed forces. The judicial branch interprets the constitution and enforces the law.
An example of this principle in the constitution is in Article 1, Section 5, Clause 2; it clearly states that each determine their own rules and responsibilities
Another example of this principle being used in the Constitution is Article 1, Section 7, Clause 1; this states the responsibilities of the House of Representatives is the only place where laws about raising money originates
Federalism gives different powers to different branches of government. It divides the powers between the states and government and it reserves some powers for the states. This makes sure there isn't too much power in one area.
An example of this principle being used in the Constitution is in Article 4: Section 2; Clause 1, this gives every citizen the same basic rights as any other citizen in the U.S. This is one way how the states and federal government are equal
Another example of this principle is in Article 1: Section 10; Clause 3, this says that certain states must have consent from the Federal Government before any laws are officially passed in their state.
checks and balances
Checks and balances limit the powers of the government to prevent the government from overpowering the population. Congress and the President must agree or the other can veto. this prevents the emergence of a single domineering center of power.
An example of this principle being used is Article 1: Section 6; Clause 2. This is an example of Checks and Balances because it is limiting the power of the government, making it so no Senator or Representative shall not hold more than one place.
Another example of this principle is Article 1: Section 8; Clause 1. This limits the amount of taxes, duties, imposts and exercises the government is able to place on the people.
In a representative government, citizens elect representatives to make laws. A representative government also uses democratic rule of majority to make changes. An electoral group is a group of people chosen from each state to represent that state.
An example of representative government is Article 1: Section 2; Clause 3. This states that representatives are appointed and voted on among in each state by the people to represent that state.
Can you name all of the six principles of the Constitution?
Give an example of Checks and Balances being used in modern society.
What factors would you change about the six principles used in the Constitution?
Can distinguish the difference between Federalism and Limited Government?
How has these principles influenced our lives?
Can you design a new set of principles that would be more useful to the United States of America today?