Hypoglycemia Management Through Dietary choices

Pre tEst

  • 1. What food choice has the most carbohydrates?
  • A. Banana
  • B. Bagel
  • C. Eggs
  • D. Yogurt
  • 2. Which food has the highest amount of protein?
  • A. Chicken
  • B. Bread
  • C. Apple
  • D. Bell pepper
  • 3. What are the signs of hypoglycemia
  • A. Sweaty
  • B. Lightheaded
  • C. Fainting
  • D. Confusion
  • E. All of the above
  • 4. Which type of food would cause the highest increase in blood sugar?
  • A. Apple and cheese
  • B. Turkey Sandwich
  • C. Candy
  • D. Chicken noodle soup
  • 5. Which blood sugar level is considered to be hypoglycemic?
  • A. 150
  • B. 95
  • C. Greater than 300
  • D. Less than 70

Learning Goals

"Increase the proportion of older adults with one or more chronic health conditions who report confidence in managing their conditions" -Healthy People 2020

From this presentation you should learn:

  1. How to identify when your blood sugar is low based on symptoms and blood glucose monitoring numbers
  2. What food to eat when your sugar is low
  3. What to eat at each meal in order to maintain your sugar at a healthy level including a sample meal plan for a day
  4. An overall increase in knowledge and confidence regarding hypoglycemia management

How to identify when you are "low"

  • As they described in the video, everyone presents symptoms of hypoglycemia in different ways
  • Hypoglycemia is when your body's glucose level drops below 70
  • Some common symptoms are:
  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Fainting
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Feeling lightheaded
It is important to monitor your blood sugar throughout the day or when you begin to feel symptomatic

What to eat when you are Hypoglycemic

You will need to eat 15-20 grams of fast acting sugar or carbohydrates

Examples:

5-10 pieces of candy
1 cup of milk
4 ounces of juice
1 tablespoon of sugar
6 ounces of regular pop

You will need to RE-CHECK your sugar in 15 minutes

*Repeat if your blood sugar is still not above 70*

meal ideas to keep your sugar in check

It is important to eat balanced meals to keep your sugar from dropping too low

Ideally, your meals should have a mix of proteins, healthy fats, and small amounts of carbohydrates. The amount of carbs you are eating should be complemented by the healthy fat and proteins so that it doesn't cause a sharp rise or fall in your levels.

*You should incorporate a snack into your meal plan anytime you are going longer than four hours between meals

Breakfast

It's best to avoid high carb choices like pancakes, waffles, or sugary cereals

Try plain yogurt topped with granola and blueberries, scrambled eggs with cheese, or an omelet with veggies

lunch

For lunch, sandwiches can be appealing but can also cause you to over do it

Try eating half a sandwich with turkey, lettuce, tomato, and a slice of cheese. Pair that with a side salad filled with a variety of veggies and a olive oil/vinegar dressing

dinner

It can be easy to fill up on pasta and carb-rich food for dinner but it is important to balance and incorporate more protein

Cook one small marinated chicken breast and pair it with a mix of steamed veggies like broccoli and cauliflower and a grain like quinoa or whole grain rice

snacks

Snacks are important when maintaining your blood sugar throughout the day but it is also important to chose the RIGHT snacks

A good choice for a snack is one medium apple and a few slices of sharp cheddar cheese. An additional option is some nuts and banana.

Wrap up

  • Identify and recognize your symptoms when your blood sugar is low
  • Check your sugar
  • Consumer 15-20 grams of fast acting carbs or sugar
  • Re-check after 15 minutes
  • Repeat if neccessary
  • Eat well balanced meals that complement the amount of carbs you're eating with proteins and healthy fats
  • Carry a snack and your glucose monitor with you at all times

Post Test

  • 1. When should you check your blood sugar if you suspect you are hypoglycemic?
  • A. Immediately
  • B. In an hour
  • C. In 30 minutes
  • D. After you faint
  • 2. How many grams of fast-acting sugar or carbohydrates should you consume if your blood sugar level is below 70?
  • A. 5-10 g
  • B. 10-15 g
  • C. 15-20 g
  • D. 20-25 g
  • 3. Which is NOT a source of fast-acting carbohydrate/sugar?
  • A. Apple
  • B. Candy
  • C. Milk
  • D. Pop
  • 4. Which of the these should you NOT consume the most of in a meal?
  • A. Healthy fats
  • B. Protein
  • C. Carbs
  • D. Fruit
  • 5. What should you carry with you at all times?
  • A. Snack
  • B. Glucose monitor
  • C. Pop
  • D. A & B

References

  • Brown, K., & Heeley-Creed, D. (2013). Hypoglycaemia and nutrition: common concerns for staff. Nursing & Residential Care, 15(2), 78-82.
  • Hicks, D. (2010). The dangers of hypoglycaemia. Nursing & Residential Care, 12(1), 22-26.

Credits:

Created with images by dbreen - "carrot kale walnuts" • TesaPhotography - "diabetes finger glucose" • Phil Gradwell - "Ketosis" • perke - "6.20.08" • congerdesign - "milk glass frisch" • Mervi Emilia - "orange juice" • Mel B. - "Sugar" • byrev - "can coca coke" • with wind - "IMG_1540" • mriggen - "for Teddie: Husky's Deli" • Wow_Pho - "grilled chicken quinoa salad" • Berries.com - "fresh sliced green Granny Smith apples and cheese on wood cutting board"

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