How do people dream? By Samiya Barre

Why do people dream??

Dreams are stories and images that our minds create while we sleep. They can be entertaining, fun, romantic, disturbing, frightening, and sometimes bizarre and unrealistic.

Some reason for why we sleep could be:

• to represent unconscious desires or wishes

• To interpret random signals from the brain and body during sleep

• To process information gathered during the day

• To work as a form of psychotherapy.

Experts still do not completely understand why we dream or the causes of dreaming

Phases of sleep

Stage 1- Light sleep , eyes move slowly and muscle activity slows. This stage forms 4-5% of total sleep

Stage 2- eye movement stops and brain waves become slower. This stage forms 45-50% of total sleep

Stage 3- extremely slow brain waves called delta becomes to appear. Forms 4-5% of sleep

Stage 4- the brain produces delta waves almost exclusively. It is very difficult to wake someone during stages 3 and 4, which together are called "deep sleep."

Dreams are full of experiences that have lifelike connections but with vivid and bizarre twists.


Nightmares are frightening dreams that cause the dreamer to feel a number of disturbing emotions.Nightmares occur in children and adults and their caused by..

• Stress

• Fear

• Trauma

• Emotional problems

• Illness

• Use of certain medications or drugs

Lucid Dreams

Lucid dreams is a state of dreaming where the dreamer knows that they're dreaming so they have some control over what they're dreaming. They can change their dreaming


48% of characters represented a name known to a dreamer

32% were identified by appearance

21% identified by behavior

45% by face

44% by "just knowing."


Why do we dream?

Nichols, H. (n.d.). Dreams: Why do we dream?

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