Agriculture Through the Ages By: Sarah Koshiol

First Agricultural Revolution

When did it occur? From what is known, the first agricultural revolution began around 11,000 BC. Dates vary based on locations, but in written records, China was said to have entered the revolution late than others.

What did humans do? Humans evolved from nomadic herding and hunting to gathering and farming food instead.

How did it change the way humans lived? Humans obviously changed their habits from primitive hunting techniques to gathering. Without this change, scholars believe that many technological innovations would not be possible today.

Wheat has been known to be the first cereal grown by man as early as the people of Jericho which was then followed by the crop barley.

Second Agricultural Revolution

What was the second agricultural revolution? The revolution was the transition from crops grown with the suns help to the reliance of new fossil fuels.

When did it occur? The second agricultural revolution occurred during the late 1700s to the late 1800s and went hand in hand with the industrial revolution.

What changes happened in farming? With the Industrial Revolution occurring during the same time period, many farms and farm hand were replaced with faster working machines.

During the Second Agricultural Revolution, there was a transition from man labor and farm hands to machinery.

Third Agricultural Revolution

What was(is) the third agricultural revolution? Also known as the Green revolution, new agricultural methods were adopted across the country for faster production, better performance, and modern land uses.

When did it occur? The third agricultural revolution began in the 1970's and lasted for ten years or so.

What changes happened in farming? GMO's and GE's were developed through the revolution. In addition, crop rotation methods were introduced.

Crop rotations were adopted for higher land efficiency.

Genetically Modified Organisms

What are genetically modified organisms? More commonly known as GMO, is the process of extraction of DNA from one species and the placement of the DNA into genes of another unrelated plant or animal.

How do they change farming? GMO's changed farming in ways growing and producing the crop. In addition to the organic section, products with GMO are offered at stores. GMO crops are more likely to be bigger, cleaner, and be consistent.

What are pros and cons of GMO's?

Difference between GMO and Non-GMO products

Types of Farming

Subsistence Farming- Self Sufficient Farming

Sustainable Farming- Most efficient way to farm a nonrenewable source

Commercial Farming- Large scale production of crops for sale

Subsistence Farming

Agriculture Fun Facts!

-In 1954, the number of tractors on farms surpassed the number of horses and mules for the first time

-In 1830, it took about 250 to 300 labor hours to produce 100 bushels (5 acres) of wheat. In 1975, it took just 3¾ hours.

-In 1890-99 the average consumption of commercial fertilizer was 1,845,900 tons per year. From 1980-89 it was 47,411,166 tons per year.

-The phrase “buy the farm” is WWII slang meaning to die or get killed.

Tractors on the Farm

Bibliography

"AP Human Geography - The First Agricultural Revolution." AP Human Geography - The First Agricultural Revolution. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

"HISTORY OF THE CULTIVATION OF PLANTS." HISTORY OF THE CULTIVATION OF PLANTS. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

"Third Agriculture Revolution." Agricultural Revolution Inventions. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Zheng, Maggie. "The Second Agricultural Revolution." Prezi.com. 09 Jan. 2015. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

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