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Zhou Dynasty By: Nick T, Rilie H, Braydin J

Advanced cities: The Zhou Dynasty was one of the biggest to exist in their time. After they overthrew the Shang Dynasty, they became the most powerful rulers in all of ancient China. They controlled the area from Huang He to Chang Jiang, and in order to control this big area they invented Feudalism. With that, the were able to maintain easy control over the land. Feudalism helped out alot with that, as the royal members were spread out across the king's land and were assigned certain portions to control. With that advantage came protection and riches. In return, they had to provide the king with military support and taxes. This spurred one of the most revolutionary things to ever happen in history, as feudalism was used for centuries after the Zhou Dynasty. Loyang was their capital city. The last Shang king committed suicide, and the victor moved the capital to the city of Zhengzhou. That period known in ancient Chinese history as the Zhou dynasty had begun. Early Zhou adopted the ritual and burial practices of the Shang. Typical Shang forms of bronze ritual vessels continued to be made. The burial of chariots, horses and charioteers in pits associated with the nobility also continued from Shang timesTheir cities then became more and more advanced. They had things like hard dirt roads and were full of hardworking people. The people in the cities invented many things, and their work soon became something that wasn’t as rare anymore. Trading became popular among cities, and with that came new ideas and that further helped to advance the city even more.The cities dynamic it self was pretty much the same throughout the entire kingdom. Places of worship and important stores and shops were found in the heart of the city, and surrounding that was housing. This was all found inside of a mudbrick wall, and outside of it were acres of farmland, then woods. Many of the cities were found near forests and riverbanks. The types of people who usually lived in the inner city were prophets, philosophers, religious leaders, and specialized workers, and government officials. The poorer people lived in the outer part of the city, where there was just housing. Those people were the farmers and the workmen, along with the women and children.

Advanced City

Specialized workers: Confucius was China's most influential scholar and he taught a lot of students in china and helped a lot of people. Laozi was a chinese philosopher who taught some students and did some math for the government and wrote stories about the dynasty had. Farmers played a big role for specialized workers because they put a lot of labor hours in harvesting crops and farming animals to collect food for their families. Many priests must have lost much of their importance, when the burial rituals were changed, perhaps even their jobs. Their literacy skills, however, would have been very useful, and many probably found employment as scribes and officials with the court of the new king. The Bureaucracy was a trained civil service, or people who run the government in china.

Farmers

Complex institution: Central government system to the Chinese. To justify overthrowing the Shang Dynasty, the Zhou said the the final Shang king had been a poor ruler, and that the gods had taken away the Shangs rule and gave to to the Zhou. Historians described the pattern of rise, fall, and replacement of the dynasties as the Dynastic Cycle. Confucianism was an ethical system based on accepted principles of right and wrong it became the foundation of the Chinese government and social orders. Feudalism is a political system involving nobles or lords that are granted use of the king's land, and in return must submit taxes and military use. Confucianism was an ethical system based on accepted principles of right and wrong it became the foundation of the Chinese government and social order. Confucius believed that china should be split into 5 basic relationships including, ruler and subject, father and son, older brother and younger brother, friend and friend, husband and wife.

Record Keeping: The Zhou Dynasty’s record keeping mainly consisted of books that they would write. The books they would write would express belief/religion, art, and achievements. Legalists in the Zhou Dynasty once ordered that all useless books should be burned. One of the most important books was the, Book of Documents, which explains the Zhou conquest of the Shang. Looks like they would use a sort of wood or bamboo with ink to write or draw.

Advanced technology: Zhou had coined money (copper), blast furnaces, cast iron for tools/weapons, chariot, acupuncture, and paths/canals for advanced technology. Coined money was used for trading, blast furnaces for cast iron and cast iron tools, cast iron was used for farming tools and weapons, roads and canals were built for trade and agriculture, acupuncture was used for medical practice and chariots for war purposes and carrying around 3 people. This all helped with economic growth by providing more trade and ways to make life better and easier to improve economically.

Cast Iron Tools

Watershed event: Something that separated the Zhou Dynasty from any other civilization at the time was that they invented blast furnaces that produced cast iron. Ever since then, cast iron has been used throughout centuries and changed the world forever, along with their own culture. This is still used today to make house items such as pots and pans, and other cooking utensils. This is also still used to make art. Cast iron even changed the world because it was revolutionary in how it was used in the past and now. Using it in the past when it was still new to the world changed people societies and groups, even individually. Independant people would use cast iron for their pots and pans when cooking. The pans turned out to be non-stick, so they were easy to cook with. In groups, cast iron was used to top spear heads and weapons, and were also used as farming tools to easier break up the tough earth. In a society as a whole it was used for artwork, farming, and armies. The king's army was fierce, as their soldiers weapons and shield were made from cast iron. Cast iron in the modern day plays a very similar part to how it did in the past. Individuals now use cast iron everyday in cooking still. Non-stick pans and cookware are very popular, and the cast iron is also used on the stovetops and microwaves. Different societies around the world

Blast Furnace
Created By
Nicholas Timmons
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