What was expected of children in terms of behavior? What was the punishment for misbehavior?
"Young people were treated in contradictory ways. They were expected to to be obedient and respectful..."(Gottlieb 417) If the child did not preform in such a way, then the parents would discipline the child with physical punishments. Misbehavior, for example, was cause for an immediate spanking or a cuff on the back of the head. Parents believed in the words of William Vaughan, a well-known author in the Elizabethan era, who urged them to “chastise the child and imprint disciple in his heart while he is young… thou shalt bow him to what instruction thou wilt.”(Kirkland 1)
CHRYSOGNA BAKER, Lady Dacre, aged six (d1616) who married the 12th Lord Dacre (1589); a portrait (English 1579) by an unknown artist at The Vyne, Basingstoke, Hampshire. Photo. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/162_313922/1/162_313922/cite. Accessed 6 Mar 2017.
What was education like for children in the Elizabethan era?
Students spent about nine hours a day in school. They attended classes the year around, except for three brief holiday periods. The teachers enforced strict discipline and physically punished students who broke the rules. The students chiefly studied Latin, the language of ancient Rome. Knowledge of Latin was necessary for a career in medicine, law, or the church. In addition, the ability to read Latin was considered a sign of an educated person.(Lander 1)
ENGLISH SCHOOL, 1577. - A late 16th century English grammar school; note the birching of a boy at the left: woodcut from Holinshead's "Chronicle," 1577.. Fine Art. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/140_1657943/1/140_1657943/cite. Accessed 6 Mar 2017.
What was the infant mortality rate in Elizabethan England? What were some of the most common causes of infant mortality during Elizabethan England? How did families react to this?
The infant mortality rate was 33% in Elizabethan England. Mortality was a fact of Elizabethan family life due to the high rate of disease, lack of effective medical care, and often unhygienic conditions.There was a certain feeling of transience within the family. (Medici 31)
Elizabethan England - typical.. Photograph. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/113_911732/1/113_911732/cite. Accessed 6 Mar 2017.
In wealthy homes, who often raised children? Why?
They often sent children to universities to further their education.(Medici 31)
Children were often considered to be miniature versions of what?
The history of childhood tends to deal with adults' views of children to a much larger degree than with the actual lived lives of children. (Heywood 1) As that being said, children were often considered to be miniature versions of adults.
1. “Childhood.” Google Sites, Kirkland, sites.google.com/site/elizabethanenglandtimes/childhood. Accessed 6 Mar. 2017.
2. "History of Childhood." Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society. . Retrieved March 06, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/children/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/history-childhood
3. Lander, Jesse M. "Shakespeare, William." World Book Student, World Book, 2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar504520. Accessed 5 Mar. 2017.
4. Grendler, Paul F. Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. New York, Scribner, 1999.
5. JasmineSmith612. “Children during the Renaissance (English Project).” YouTube, YouTube, 12 Jan. 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=EgbNk76YXVI&app=desktop. Accessed 6 Mar. 2017. (media link)