There are 4 stages to hurricanes. Stage 1: tropical disturbance . Stage 2:tropical depression Stage 3: tropical storm Stage 4: hurricane. There are 5 categories to hurricanes also. Category 1: 75-96 mph. Category 2: 96-110 mph. Category 3: 111-130. Category 4: 131-156. Category 5: 157 and higher mph.
What causes hurricanes?
Hurricanes are caused by water vapor. That's like the "fuel" for the hurricanes because it releases the latent heat of condensation when it condenses to form clouds and rain, warming the surrounding air.
Natural disaster prediction
Well after hurricane Matthew, Otto looks like it might be hit next by a hurricane. The recent reports from NHC say that their closet to the hurricane intensity. The slow movement of Otto will add to this hazard and for areas of Nicaragua, rainfall could be excessive and lead to large flooding .
Some people use old fashioned weather satellites and apes I ally equipped planes to predict if hurricanes were coming. NASA has drones and unmanned aircrafts to the country's arsenal of hurricane-hunting aircraft.