Forestry By: Simran

Introduction

Deforestation is permanent wrecking of forests in order to make the land usable for other uses. According to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization, approximately 7.3 million hectares of forestry are lost each year. Deforestation in Canada is among the world’s lowest. The reality is that Canada is a world leader in sustainable forest management. Canadian forests are healthy, productive and thriving. Canada has reduced deforestation over the past 20 years. The main drivers to forest destruction in Canada though are fires, logging and industrial development. The process of deforestation occurs for multiple reasons: trees are cut down to be used or sold as fuel (frequently in the structure of charcoal) or timber, while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock and planting. The Canadian forest industry makes about $32.7 billion.

forest harvesting

Forest harvesting involves cutting trees and delivering them to sawmills, pulp mills and other wood-processing factories. It's practical factors include road construction, logging and log transportation

Logging

In forestry, logging is moving wood from the stump to somewhere outside the forest, most likely a sawmill or a lumber yard. However, in common usage, the term is used to estimate a range of forestry or silviculture activities.

Current issues

Soil erosion destruction

Soils and the nutrients in them are constantly exposed to the sun’s heat. The soil's moisture is dried up, nutrients evaporate and bacteria that helps break down organic matter are affected. Eventually, rainfall washes down the surface of the soil and erosion takes place. Soils never get their full potential back.

Water Cycle

When forests are destroyed, water bodies and the water cycle are all affected. Trees absorb and retain water in their roots. A huge part of the water that circulates in the ecosystem of rainforests remains inside the plants. Some of this moisture floats into the atmosphere. When this process is broken, the atmosphere and water bodies begin to dry out. The watershed potential is compromised and less water will run through the rivers. Smaller lakes and streams that take water from these larger water bodies start to dry up.

Loss of Biodiversity

Tons of wonderful species of plants and animals have been lost, and many others remain endangered. More than 80% of the entire world's species remain in the Tropical Rainforest. It is estimated that about 50 to 100 species of animals are being lost each day as a result of destruction of their habitats.

Climate Change

Plants absorb Carbon Dioxide CO2 which is a greenhouse gas, from the atmosphere and uses it to produce food, these are the carbohydrates, fats, and proteins that make up trees. It gives off Oxygen in return. While destroying the forests mean CO2 will remain in the atmosphere and in addition, destroyed vegetation will give off more CO2 stored in them as they decompose. This will alter the climate of that region. Cool climates may get a lot hotter and hot places may get a lot cooler.

changes for a more sustainable life

Ending deforestation is our first chance for striving to conserve wildlife and defend the rights of forest communities. On top of all that, it’s definitely one of the quickest and most cost effective ways to avoid global warming. A lot of little things we do can make a huge impact in the long run so here are some things you could possibly try.

Make a great and conscious effort to share any possible information with others such as friends at school and family members on deforestation and its' effects.

Join organizations, forest-preservation societies and pressure groups that strive to help preserve the rest of our natural resources. When more people work together, the impact is greater.

Reduce as much use of artificial items as possible, recycle more and re-use items. Wood, paper, plastics and many other things we use every day at home can be linked to natural resources being destroyed. This means that if we all recycle more, there will be less dependence on the environment and trees. It also means that companies and governments will import less raw-materials from the forest regions of the world.

Credits:

Created with images by catburston - "Forest" • Pexels - "forest nature silhouette" • RondellMelling - "pine forest branch" • DHPersonal - "Trees" • uniquedesign52 - "woodland road falling leaf"

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