Native Languages of Texas Introduction

Indigenous people of Texas

Texas was home to a variety of Native American tribes, including the Apache, the Comanche, the Caddo, the Coahuiltecan, the Karankawa, the Kiowa, the Kitsai, the Tonkawa, and the Wichita. Their history and way of living shared similarities, but they were also different. To learn more about these tribes before we move to the discussion of their languages, we recommend the following videos:


Texas has a rich linguistic past that includes at least nine different Native American languages. Some of them were related, as they shared a common ancestral or parental language. In linguistics, we characterize related languages as belonging to the same family. The native languages of Texas belonged to five different families: AlgonquianAthabaskan, CaddoanTanoan, and Uto-Aztecan. Most of the native Texas languages are in danger or have already disappeared. This video provides more information about the importance of working for their protection and revitalization:

Let's discover the native languages of Texas

Click on each language to learn more about them.

Pedagogical quiz on content of pages

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Gabriela C. Zapata


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