Canada in 2050 Changing Populations Summative Assignment


The following presentation will inform you about the Canadian immigration, demography, population trends and include information about The First Nations. Canada has evolved greatly over the past 150 years, but what will Canada look like in 33 years (the year 2050?). Will Canada's push and pull factors be the same or change over time?. This info graph will also inform you on the current trends of Canada, what I believe the future trends of Canada will be and how mine and others life may look like in the next 33 years.


Current Trends

Over the 25 year period, from 1984 - 2009 the number of deaths rose 36%. In 2009, 238,418 deaths were registered in Canada, 120,311 were men and 118,107 were women, down 0.1% from 2008.

Within the provinces PEI, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Ontario, Yukon, and Nunavut showed an increase in the number of deaths.

Natural increase in the population is the difference between the number of births and deaths. Twenty five years ago natural increase was 201,300 compared to 142,400 in 2009. During the time 1994 - 1999 the number of deaths increased fairly steady while the annual number of births decreased. The number of births swung from 375,000 between 1984 - 1986 then rose to its highest point, almost 405,000 births in 1990, the number of births sank to its lowest point in 328,000 in 2000.

Graph of births, deaths and natural increase



Canada's population had had a great increase over the past 50 - 75 years. I predict the Canadian births will never increase as much as it did in 1990. I predict that births over time years will show he most change then deaths because if you look at previous graph and trends, the numbers go up greatly then down very low over time, I think the graph will continue to show these patterns. I also believe the deaths will continue going up very slowly.


Current Trends

In 2011, Canada had a foreign Born population. They represented 20.6% of the total population. Between 2006 and 2011 approximately 1, 162,900 foreign born people immigrated to Canada. These recent immigrants made up 17.2% of the foreign born population and 3.5% of the total Canadian population.

In 2006, Ontario have received 52.3% of the newcomers and British Columbia, 16.0% and recently ontario received 43.1% immigrants and British Columbia received 15.9.%

Asia (also include ding Middle East) was Canada's largest source of immigrants during the past five years, the share of immigration from Africa, Caribbean, Central and South America increased slightly.

A large majority of the foreign-born population lived in four provinces: Bristish Columbia, Ontario, Vancouver and Montreal

Canadian immigration graph

Pull Factors

Pull factors for the immigrants that migrated to Canada are the health care system, the education, the variety of job opportunities and also because of the democratic government.

Push Factors

Push factors for the immigrants to migrate to Canada were the wars in their home land, lack of jobs where they were, poor living conditions and lack of civil liberties.



Immigration Rate

Within the next 33 years I believe the immigration rate is going to only increase, the graph shown aboves immigration rate has dropped to its lowest for the longest amount of time between 1931 - 1946 and since then Canada's immigration rate has never been that low, It's slowly increasing and getting further away from its lowest rate. I believe the immigration rate is only going to increase slowly and eventually hit its highest immigration rate within the next 33 years to 2050.

New immigrants coming into Canada are most likely to settle in provinces with urban cities and provinces with job opportunities which is a pull factor for Canada, most immigrants have settled in Ontario , Montreal and Vancouver. I believe there will be an increase in settlement in places like Ontario, Alberta, Montreal and Ottawa. Ontario has an urban city which new immigrants are attracted to settling in, Alberta has many job opportunities. Montreal is a mostly french and less english speaking province, knowing how to speak Canada's first language (french) makes your job opportunites better and wider. Ottawa is soon to see a boom in jobs in the near future, so there might be a higher rate of immigrants settling in Ottawa for that reason. The capital has good liveability factors: the rent and vacancy rates are reasonable, Ottawa is the safe Providence with decent transportation.

Canadian Aboriginal Population

Current Trends

First Nations

The First Nations people represented 60.8% of the total Aboriginal population and 2.6% of the total Canadian population.

Lots of the First Nations people lived in Ontario and also the western provinces, but they made up the largest shares of the total population of the Northwest Territories, Yukon, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

First Nations people represented 74.9% of all First Nations people, 45.5% of the total Aboriginal population and 1.9% of the total Canadian population.

One-quarter of First Nations people (213,900) were not Registered Indians, representing 15.3% of the total Aboriginal population and less than 1% of the total Canadian population.


In 2011 there were 451,795 Métis people. They represented 32.3% of the total Aboriginal population and 1.4% of the total Canadian population.

Métis represented 8.0% of the total population of the Northwest Territories, 6.7% of Manitoba's population, and 5.2% of Saskatchewan's population.

Winnipeg had the highest population of Métis, 46,325 people, or 6.5% of its total population. It was followed by Edmonton with 31,780, Vancouver (18,485) and Calgary (17,040). In addition, 11,520 Métis lived in Saskatoon and 9,980 in Toronto.


Inuit people represented 4.2% of the total Aboriginal population and 0.2% of the total Canadian population.

Almost three-quarters of Inuit in Canada lived in Inuit Nunangat. Inuit Nunangat stretches from Labrador to the Northwest Territories and comprises four regions: Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, Nunavut and the Inuvialuit region.

Age composition

Aboriginal youth aged 15 to 24 represented 18.2% of the total Aboriginal population, and 5.9% of all youth in Canada. Non-Aboriginal youth accounted for 12.9% of the total non-Aboriginal population.

About 6% of the total Aboriginal population were seniors aged 65 and over, less than half of the proportion of seniors in the non-Aboriginal population (14.2%).

Inuit had a median age of 23, the youngest of the three Aboriginal groups. The median age of First Nations people was 26, followed by Métis at 31.

Substance Abuse

In 2002-2003 26.7% of First Nation adults used marijuana, compared to 14.1% in the Canadian population.

Inuit communities have been even more impacted by illicit drugs, namely cannabis, cocaine and solvents.

Although it is used by 8 or 9 males out of 10 aged 15 to 24, its use is also widespread among females, as well as in the overall population under the age of 45

Canadian Aboriginal Population

Future prediction

In 2050 I believe the aboriginal population will represent a minimum of 10% of the total Canadian population and a maximum of 15%. The aboriginal population may continue to increase because of the evolving health care they receive from the government, with a great healthcare in Canada it will decrease the death rate in the aboriginal people population. Overtime The aboriginal population rate has grown in Canada. With the aboriginal population in Canada increasing, there will be a change in the level of education rates, I predict the rates will improve, as there will be different teaching teaching strategies in 33 years.

Level of education in Canada
Individuals reporting aboriginal identity by province

I predict in 2050, if the aboriginal population keeps increasing in Canada, aboriginal people will settle in different provinces in Canada. provinces will see an increase in their aboriginal settlement population rate. Aboriginal people may migrate or settle in a certain province for thier job opportunities or government liberties, overtime another province other then Ontario could have the most amount of people identifying as aboriginal people.

I predict that in 2050 the aboriginal birth rate will continue to be the same because its more of a traditional placing, of having 3+ kids.

This change is totally up to the aboriginal peoples of Canada, I predict in 33 years Canada will have a good amount of jobs available but getting employed might become harder, also is the education increases for the aboriginal peoples Sobel job opportunities lifestyles and income.


In conclusion canada's demography, immigration and aboriginal peoples have evolved and changed over the past 33 years and will definitely change again in the next 33 years. Canada's change in the future will definitely effect its country and people.


Article Title: Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada.


Website Title: Census Program

Date published: September 15, 2016

Date Accessed: December 23, 2016

Article Title: 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey


Website Title: YouTube

Date Published: November 25, 2013

Date Accessed: December 23, 2016

Article Title: Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit


Website Title: Census Program

Date Published: September 15, 2016

Date Accessed: December 23, 2016

Website Title: Canadian Demographics at a Glance: Some facts about the demographic and ethnocultural composition of the population


Article Title: Some facts about the demographic and ethnocultural composition of the population

Date Accessed: December 23, 2016

Website Title:. Peel DSB .:. Online Courses .:


Article Title:. Peel DSB .:. Online Courses .:

Date Accessed: December 23, 2016

Concluding "Canada In 2050"!


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