G1 phase: The period prior to the synthesis of DNA. In this phase, the cell increases in mass in preparation for cell division.
S phase: The period during which DNA is synthesized. In most cells, there is a small amount of time during which DNA is synthesized.
G2 phase: The period after DNA synthesis has occurred but prior to the start of prophase. The cell synthesizes proteins and continues to increase in size.
Anaphase 1: In anaphase I of meiosis, Chromosomes move to the opposite cell poles. Similar to mitosis, microtubules interact to pull the chromosomes to the cell poles.Unlike in mitosis, sister chromatids remain together after the homologous chromosomes move to opposite poles. At the end of anaphase I of meiosis, the cell enters into telophase I.
Telophase 1: during this stage, there is a complete haploid set of chromosomes (but each chromosome still has two sister chromatids). A cleavage furrow appears, and by the end of this stage the parent cell has divided into two daughter cells.
Cleavage Furrow: Is the indentation of the cell's surface that begins the progression of cleavage, the final splitting of the membrane, in the process of cell division.
In Meiosis these stages occur twice beginning with Interphase 1 then going to Prophase 1, Metaphase 1, Anaphase 1 and lastly Telophase 1. This process happens again but instead have the numbers two after them. The final result of Meiosis is the production of four daughter cells. These cells have one half the number of chromosomes as the original cell. This process occurs in sex cells Other cell types are produced by mitosis. When sex cells unite during fertilization, these haploid cells become a diploid cell. Diploid cells have the full complement of homologous chromosomes.