Canto XXII Circle eight, bolgia five: the grafters

Sin and punishment

Grafters

Also known as barrators, these people trade favors and powers of their political office for money. They

Punishment

The sinners are in a pitch of boiling blood guarded by demons. If the sinners are caught above the surface, the demons swarm them and tear them apart.

Contrapasso

"As dolphins surface and begin to flip/ their arched backs from the sea, warning the sailors/ to fall-to and begin to secure the ship"(Inferno XXII: 19-21).

"And he hooked the sinners arm/ and, raking it, ripped off a chunk of meat"(Inferno XXII: 71-72)

Allusions

King Thibault II

A corrupt king in Navarre in Spain.

Friar Gomita

A friend of Dante who was killed for taking bribes.

Don Michel Zanche

King of Sardinia who was corrupt.

Anomolies and shifts

Dante and Virgil narrowly escape the demons to make it to the sixth bolgia.

Literary Devices

Anaphora

"I have seen horsemen breaking camp. I have seen/ the beginning of the assault, the march and muster,/ and at times the retreat and riot. I have been/ where chargers trample your land, O Arentines!/ I have seen the columns of foragers, shocks of tourney,/ and running of tilts. I have seen the endless lines/ march to bells, drums, trumpets, from far and near./ I have seen them march on signals from a castle./ I have seen them march with native and foreign gear./ But never yet have I seen horse or foot,/ nor ship in range of land nor sight of star,/ take its direction from so low a toot"(Inferno XXII: 1-12).

Epic Simile

"As dolphins surface and begin to flip/ their arched backs from the sea, warning the sailors/ to fall-to and begin to secure the ship"(Inferno XXII: 19-21).

And as, at the edge of a ditch, frogs squat about/ hiding their feet and bodies in the water, leaving only their muzzles sticking out"(Inferno XXII: 24-26).

Modern Day Application

Works Cited

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