The Constitution is a document based on principles. It was written to list the powers of government and the rights of the people. The Constitution was written on September 17, 1787.
Popular Sovereignty is when the people are the source of the government's power. In the Preamble it states "We the People" which establishes the government to protect the people's natural rights.
Limited Government is government that only has the power the the Constitution gives it. Article 1, Section 8, states the powers of the Congress. The Congress has the power to make taxes but the taxes could be veto.
Separation of Powers
Separation of Powers is power divided into three branches. The three branches of US government are Legislative, Executive, and Judicial.
Checks and Balances
Checks and Balances is the ability for each branch of government to limit the power of the other two. In Article 1, Section 2, Clause 5, it states that the House of Representatives can impeach the President. The Judicial branch carries out an impeachment, according to Article 3, Section 2, Clause1.
Federalism divides power between the states and federal government. It maintains the balance of power. Article 1 Section 10, Clause 10 of the US Constitution, states that states can't print money. Federal government can't create state taxes, from Article 1, Section 9, Clause 5.
Representative Government is when citizens elect representatives to make laws.